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Catanduanes Island

The Catanduanes Island Best to Explore While in the Philippines

Catanduanes Island is a province located in the Philippines, situated in the eastern part of the archipelago. Known for its natural beauty, abundant resources, and unique culture. Here is an overview of Catanduanes, Philippines:

Featured Photo by Albert Aspiras on Unsplash

The Catanduanes Island

  • Location: Catanduanes is located in the Bicol Region of the Philippines, and it is the easternmost province in the region. Surrounded by the Philippine Sea to the east. The Maqueda Channel to the west, and the Pacific Ocean to the north.
  • Geography: The province is characterized by its rugged coastline, lush mountains, and dense forests. The landscape is diverse, featuring hills, rivers, waterfalls, caves, and beautiful beaches. Often referred to as the “Land of the Howling Winds” due to its exposure to typhoons.
  • Capital: The capital of Catanduanes is Virac, which is also the province’s largest town. Virac is the center of commerce, education, and government in Catanduanes Island.
  • Economy: The economy of Catanduanes is primarily based on agriculture and fishing. Major agricultural products include abaca, coconuts, and rice. Fishing is also a significant industry, and Catanduanes is known for its marine resources.
  • Tourism: Catanduanes is gaining popularity as a tourist destination. It offers natural attractions like pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and rugged landscapes. Some notable tourist spots include Puraran Beach, Binurong Point, Bato Church, Maribina Falls, and the Cagnipa Rolling Hills. Surfing enthusiasts also visit Catanduanes Island for its challenging waves.

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Also Read: Catanduanes Philippines: Explore Pristine Waters and Beaches

The Catanduanes Island

  • Culture: The culture of Catanduanes is deeply influenced by its history and geography. The province is home to various indigenous groups, and their traditions and customs are preserved through festivals and events. One of the most well-known celebrations in Catanduanes is the “Abaca Festival.” Which highlights the importance of abaca in the province’s economy.
  • Transportation: Traveling to Catanduanes typically involves taking a flight to Virac Airport. Or traveling by boat from the mainland of Luzon. Once on the island, various modes of transportation, including tricycles and jeepneys, can used to explore the province.
  • Language: Bicolano and Filipino are the primary languages spoken in Catanduanes. English is also widely understood and spoken, particularly in educational and business settings.
  • Climate: Catanduanes experiences a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. It is susceptible to typhoons due to its location in the typhoon belt of the Pacific.
  • History: The history of Catanduanes is rich and complex, with influences from pre-colonial indigenous cultures. Spanish colonization, and Japanese occupation during World War II. The province has played a role in the country’s history, particularly during the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule.

Also read: A Tourist Paradise: Exploring the Precious Hidden Gem of the Philippines

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Catanduanes Midtown Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines
Catanduanes Midtown Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines

Catanduanes Island is a place of natural beauty and cultural significance, offering a unique experience for visitors. Who wish to explore its unspoiled landscapes and learn about its history and culture.

The best month to visit Catanduanes Island

The best time to visit Catanduanes, like many other destinations in the Philippines. It depends on your preferences and the kind of experience you’re looking for. The province experiences a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Here are the key factors to consider for each season:


Dry Season (Amihan): The dry season in Catanduanes Island typically runs from November to April. During this period, you can expect more pleasant weather with less rainfall. The skies are clearer, making it a great time for outdoor activities. Such as beach trips, hiking, and exploring natural attractions. Surfing enthusiasts will also find favorable conditions, especially from November to February when the northeast monsoon brings consistent waves.

Wet Season (Habagat): The wet season, influenced by the southwest monsoon, occurs from May to October. This period brings more rain, higher humidity, and an increased risk of typhoons. Catanduanes Island is prone to these storms due to its location in the typhoon belt of the Pacific. If you visit during the wet season, prepare for occasional heavy rains and potential travel disruptions.

Pacific Surfers Paradise Beach Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines
Pacific Surfers Paradise Beach Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines

Visit Catanduanes Island

To sum it up, the best months to visit Catanduanes pleasant weather and outdoor activities during the dry season. From November to April. However, you should also monitor weather forecasts and typhoon updates. Especially if you plan to visit in the later months of the dry season or early wet season.

It’s essential to plan your trip based on your interests and tolerance for different weather conditions. If you’re a surfer, you might prefer to visit during the peak surfing season in the dry months. If you’re more interested in a relaxed beach vacation and cultural experiences. You may choose to visit during the shoulder months of the dry season. When the weather is generally good, and there are fewer tourists.


Titaays Surfers Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines
Titaays Surfers Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines

Remember to check for any travel advisories, especially during typhoon season, and book accommodations and transportation in advance. To ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip to Catanduanes Island.

Catanduanes, like many regions in the Philippines. Offers a variety of delicious dishes and culinary specialties that showcase local ingredients and flavors. Some popular foods in Catanduanes Island include:


  • Laing: Laing is a well-known Bicolano dish made from dried taro leaves, chili peppers, shrimp paste, and coconut milk. It’s a flavorful and creamy dish with a hint of spiciness. Laing is often served as a side dish or viand and is a must-try when visiting Catanduanes.
  • Bicol Express: Bicol Express is another spicy dish that originates from the Bicol region, including Catanduanes. Made with pork or shrimp, coconut milk, shrimp paste, and a generous amount of chili peppers. Known for its rich and spicy flavor.
  • Sinantolan: Sinantolan is a unique and delicious dish made from grated santol (wild mangosteen) fruit. Shrimp paste, coconut milk, and chili. Often cooked until it turns into a creamy and flavorful dish that pairs well with rice.
  • Puto Lanson: Puto Lanson is a local delicacy. A sweet and sticky rice cake made from glutinous rice and coconut milk. Often wrapped in banana leaves, steamed, and sweetened with a sugary coconut syrup.
  • Adobong Kanding (Goat Adobo): Adobong Kanding is a savory dish made from goat meat. Typically cooked in a flavorful blend of soy sauce, vinegar, garlic, and spices. It’s a unique twist on the classic Filipino adobo, and it’s a specialty in the region.


Catanduanes Island Foods

  • Pancit Cabagan: Pancit Cabagan is a local noodle dish. That features stir-fried rice noodles with vegetables, meat (often pork or chicken), and a savory sauce. It’s a hearty and flavorful dish popular among locals.
  • Binut-ong: Binut-ong is a dessert made from glutinous rice cooked with coconut milk. Sugar, and a variety of sweet ingredients like jackfruit, bananas, and sweet potatoes. Often wrapped in banana leaves and steamed.
  • Buko Salad: Buko Salad is a refreshing dessert made from young coconut meat. Mixed with other fruits like pineapple, papaya, and nata de coco. Then combined with sweet cream and condensed milk, making it a sweet and creamy treat.
  • Moron: Moron is a sweet delicacy made from glutinous rice, chocolate, and coconut milk. Often wrapped in banana leaves and is a popular snack or dessert option.
  • Grilled Seafood: Given Catanduanes’ coastal location, you can find a variety of fresh seafood options. Including grilled fish, shrimp, crabs, and squid. Often seasoned with local herbs and spices and makes for a delicious and healthy meal.

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Emmalyn's Paradise Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines
Emmalyn’s Paradise Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines

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When visiting Catanduanes, be sure to sample some of these local dishes. To experience the unique flavors and culinary traditions of the region.

Things to do while in Catanduanes

Catanduanes offers a range of activities and attractions for visitors who want to explore its natural beauty, culture, and outdoor adventures. Here are some things to do while in Catanduanes Island:

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  • Explore Pristine Beaches: Catanduanes is known for its beautiful beaches. Some popular beach destinations include Puraran Beach, Twin Rock Beach, and Binurong Point. Enjoy swimming, sunbathing, and taking in the scenic views.
  • Surfing: If you’re into surfing, Catanduanes is a great place to catch some waves. Puraran Beach, in particular, is known for its challenging surf breaks.
  • Hiking and Trekking: Catanduanes offers a variety of hiking opportunities. Explore the lush landscapes of Maribina Falls, Binurong Point, and the Cagnipa Rolling Hills. These hikes offer stunning views of the island’s natural beauty.
  • Visit Bato Church: The Bato Church, also known as the St. John the Baptist Church, is a historical site with Spanish colonial architecture. It’s a beautiful and serene place for a visit.
  • Abaca Plantation Tours: Catanduanes are known for abaca production. You can take tours of abaca plantations to learn about the cultivation and processing of this valuable crop.
  • Festivals: Check the local calendar for festivals and events. The “Abaca Festival” is a must-visit, showcasing the culture and traditions of Catanduanes.
  • Island Hopping: Explore the nearby islands, such as Palumbanes, to discover more beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and marine life. Island-hopping tours are available for tourists.

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  • Waterfalls and Natural Pools: Visit the island’s waterfalls, like Maribina Falls and Puraran Falls, and enjoy a refreshing swim in their natural pools.
  • Food Exploration: Try the local cuisine, including dishes like laing and Bicol Express. Don’t forget to sample Catanduanes’ unique delicacies like Puto Lanson and Sinantolan.
  • Bird Watching: Catanduanes is home to diverse bird species. Birdwatchers can explore the forests and coastal areas to spot various avian species.
  • Cave Exploration: Explore the caves of Catanduanes, like Luyang Cave and Caramoan Cave, to see unique rock formations and underground landscapes.
  • Photography: The province is a photographer’s paradise with its stunning landscapes, seascapes, and vibrant culture. Don’t forget your camera.
  • Cultural Immersion: Interact with the locals and learn about their traditions and way of life. Engaging with the community can provide a deeper understanding of the region’s culture.
  • Relaxation: Catanduanes also offers many serene and quiet spots. Enjoy a book on the beach, practice yoga, or simply relax and unwind.


JoSurfInn, Puraran Beach, Catanduanes, Philippines
JoSurfInn, Puraran Beach, Catanduanes, Philippines


Remember to check the local tourism office or with local guides for the most up-to-date information on activities, as well as any necessary permits or safety guidelines, especially when engaging in outdoor adventures like hiking or island hopping. Catanduanes is a destination that offers a blend of natural beauty, adventure, and cultural experiences for travelers.

What are Catanduanes famous for?

Catanduanes is famous for several aspects, including its natural beauty, unique culture, and notable attractions. Here are some of the things Catanduanes is renowned for:


  • Pristine Beaches: The island province is celebrated for its beautiful and unspoiled beaches. Puraran Beach, in particular, is famous for its stunning waves, making it a hotspot for surfers.
  • Surfing: Catanduanes is a popular surfing destination, especially during the surfing season when surfers from around the world come to challenge the powerful waves of Puraran Beach.
  • Abaca Production: Catanduanes is one of the major abaca-producing regions in the Philippines. Abaca is a strong and durable fiber, used in various industries, including handicrafts and paper production.
  • Lush Landscapes and Hiking: The province offers a range of hiking and trekking opportunities with lush landscapes, waterfalls, and panoramic views from spots like Binurong Point and Cagnipa Rolling Hills.


  • Cultural Festivals: The “Abaca Festival” is a notable cultural event in Catanduanes, celebrating the province’s abaca industry and showcasing the local culture and traditions.
  • Bato Church: The St. John the Baptist Church, also known as Bato Church, is a historical site with Spanish colonial architecture and is an important landmark in the region.
  • Unique Local Cuisine: Catanduanes is known for its unique culinary offerings, including dishes like laing (dried taro leaves in coconut milk) and Bicol Express (spicy coconut milk stew). The island’s cuisine reflects the Bicolano influence.
  • Nature and Wildlife: The province is known for its diverse natural beauty, including lush forests, caves, and birdwatching opportunities. Birdwatchers visit the area to spot various avian species.
  • Abundant Marine Resources: The coastal areas provide a rich source of marine life and seafood. Visitors can enjoy fresh seafood and engage in activities like snorkeling and scuba diving.
  • Serene and Tranquil Atmosphere: Catanduanes is famous for its relaxed and laid-back atmosphere, making it an ideal destination for those seeking peace and tranquility.
  • Cave Exploration: The province boasts several caves, like Luyang Cave and Caramoan Cave, which attract adventure seekers and those interested in exploring underground landscapes.
  • Island Hopping: Catanduanes is an excellent starting point for island-hopping adventures to nearby islands with beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and marine life.

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Agojo Beach House, Catanduanes, Philippines
Agojo Beach House, Catanduanes, Philippines

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Overall, Catanduanes is famous for its combination of natural beauty, outdoor adventure opportunities, unique culture, and serene atmosphere, making it an appealing destination for travelers seeking an authentic and unspoiled experience in the Philippines.

Best Places to Visit in Catanduanes

Catanduanes is a province in the Philippines known for its natural beauty and cultural attractions. Here are some of the best places to visit in Catanduanes:

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Catanduanes Twin Rock Beach Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines
Catanduanes Twin Rock Beach Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines

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  • Puraran Beach: Puraran Beach is famous for its powerful waves, making it a top surfing destination in the Philippines. The beach is known for its laid-back atmosphere and breathtaking views.
  • Binurong Point: Binurong Point offers a stunning panoramic view of the Pacific Ocean. It’s a great place for hiking, photography, and enjoying the beauty of Catanduanes.
  • Maribina Falls: Maribina Falls is a beautiful waterfall surrounded by lush greenery. It’s an ideal spot for a refreshing swim and a picnic.
  • Cagnipa Rolling Hills: The Cagnipa Rolling Hills provide a picturesque backdrop for hikers and nature enthusiasts. You can enjoy a scenic trek with panoramic views of the landscape.
  • Bato Church: The St. John the Baptist Church, also known as Bato Church, is a historical site with Spanish colonial architecture. It’s a peaceful and culturally significant place to visit.
  • Palumbanes Islands: These nearby islands are perfect for island hopping, offering stunning beaches, clear waters, and opportunities for snorkeling and scuba diving.
  • Luyang Cave: Explore the underground world of Catanduanes by visiting Luyang Cave, which features unique rock formations and stalactites.
  • Twin Rock Beach: Twin Rock Beach is a serene spot with a long stretch of white sand and crystal-clear waters. It’s a great place for swimming and relaxation.



  • Catanduanes Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary is home to various bird species and other wildlife. Birdwatchers will enjoy observing the avian residents of the province.
  • Pandan Beach: Pandan Beach is another beautiful coastal area known for its tranquil environment and picturesque surroundings. It’s a great spot for sunbathing and swimming.
  • Riay Cave: Riay Cave is a hidden gem, offering an interesting cave system for exploration. Inside, you can see unique limestone formations.
  • Bato ni Ningning: A naturally formed rock formation resembling a chair, Bato ni Ningning is a popular attraction with a legendary story about its creation.
  • Mamangal Beach: Mamangal Beach is another pristine beach with clear waters, ideal for swimming and relaxation.
  • Mt. Lantad Natural Park: If interested in trekking and mountain climbing, Mt. Lantad Natural Park offers a challenging hike and scenic views from the summit.
  • Beaches and Coves in Virac: Virac, the capital of Catanduanes, also has numerous beaches and coves to explore, such as Batag Beach and Barih Cove.

Oro Azul Leisure Resort Baras Catanduanes, Catanduanes, Philippines
Oro Azul Leisure Resort Baras Catanduanes, Catanduanes, Philippines


When visiting Catanduanes, it’s essential to check with local guides or tourism offices for updated information, and always follow any safety guidelines or regulations in place to ensure a safe and enjoyable visit to these beautiful destinations.

Where to stay in Catanduanes

Catanduanes offers a range of accommodation options to suit different budgets and preferences. The province has a variety of hotels, resorts, inns, and guesthouses. The choice of where to stay will depend on your specific needs and the location you want to explore. Here are some popular areas to consider for accommodation in Catanduanes:


Virac: As the capital of Catanduanes, Virac offers a variety of accommodation options. This is a convenient choice for travelers as it provides easy access to the province’s attractions and amenities.

  • Hotels: There are several hotels in Virac, ranging from budget to mid-range. Some well-known options include Catanduanes Midtown Inn and Puraran Surf Beach Resort.

Puraran: If you’re a surfer or simply looking for a more laid-back and rustic experience, Puraran Beach is a fantastic choice. It’s famous for its surf breaks, and you can find accommodations right on the beach.

  • Surf Resorts: Puraran Surf Beach Resort is one of the most popular options, offering surfers a place to stay and ride the famous waves.

Baras: Baras is another area known for its surf spots. If you’re looking for a surfing-centric experience, consider accommodations in this area.



Where to stay

Pandan: Pandan is a coastal town with beautiful beaches. This area offers a quieter and more relaxed atmosphere compared to the capital, Virac.

  • Beach Resorts: Some beachfront resorts in Pandan provide a peaceful and scenic stay.

San Andres: This municipality in the eastern part of the island is known for its beautiful beaches and natural attractions. You can find resorts and accommodations in this area, especially if you want to explore the eastern side of Catanduanes.

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Caramoran: Caramoran is another municipality where you can find accommodations. It offers a more rural and off-the-beaten-path experience.

Catanduanes Midtown Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines
Catanduanes Midtown Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines

When choosing accommodation in Catanduanes Island, it’s a good idea to book in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons. Keep in mind that while there are various options, the level of luxury and amenities may vary, so it’s essential to check reviews and ask about specific facilities to ensure that your chosen accommodation meets your needs and expectations.

Puraran Surf Beach Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines
Puraran Surf Beach Resort, Catanduanes, Philippines

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Additionally, consider your preferred proximity to the attractions you want to visit and whether you’d like to be closer to the beach, in a more remote location, or the heart of a town. Each area in Catanduanes has its unique charm and offerings, so you can select an accommodation that aligns with your travel preferences.

Happy Island Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines
Happy Island Inn, Catanduanes, Philippines