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Cagayan Valley Region 2

Region 2 Cagayan Valley: Ancient History Of 500,000 Years Of Living

The Cagayan Valley is a scenic country, full of natural resources and fertile farmland, forests, and pastures. In Luzon, it has a different development potential in the northeastern part of the 26,858-square-kilometer space. Home to the mighty Cagayan River the longest river in the country.

Archaeology shows Cagayan Valley has a history of 500,000 years of living, but no ancient human remains have yet appeared. The first inhabitants were Agta, or Atta, a food collector who traveled in the forest without a fixed house. A large piece of land has returned to them. Most of the population comes from Malays. In the centuries before the Spaniards, residents traded with Indians, Malays, Chinese, and Japanese. In the 19th century, the prosperity of tobacco farming made many Ilocano settle here.

Tobacco continues to be an important influence in the economy of Cagayan. A special economic zone, a free port has been established to strengthen and gain a diversity of the provincial economy. According to research, the most important event in the history of the Cagayan Valley occurred in 1572. When the Spanish conquistador Don Juan de Salcedo traced the northern coast and the river Pamplona. Before their visit, the first Cagayanos were happy with their civilization.


The Cagayan Valley is the largest surface section of ​​the Earth in the Philippines. It comprises five provinces: Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, and Quirino. Most land is in a large valley in the northeast of Luzon. Between the mountains and the mountains of the Madre Mountains. The country’s longest Cagayan River passes through its center. Flows to the Luzón Strait in the north, in the city of Aparri in Cagayan. The Babuyan and Batanes Islands in the Luzon Strait belong to the region.

Here are the cities in the Cagayan Valley (Region 2):

Tuguegarao City, Cagayan City

The main city of the country, Ibanag

Tuguegarao City is an excellent educational, commercial, trade, cultural center, and economic center. The city of Tuguegarao continues to point to excellent performance and capacity management. Citizen participation, social and economic development, culture and art, education, financial management, and infrastructure. Intergovernmental cooperation, planning, public safety, entertainment and leisure services, social services, and technology.

Also Read: Region I in the Philippines: Exploring the Charm of Ilocos


  • Tuguegarao is the mission center established by the Dominican father. Jacinto Pardo was on May 9, 1604.
  • It became the capital of the province in 1841.
  • On December 12, 1899, the licensed US Army entered the city, and Colonel Hood was appointed as the Military Governor.
  • On December 12, 1941, during the Second World War, Tuguegarao was occupied by the Japanese.
  • US Air Force plane. They bombed it in December 1944 and reduced it to complete rubble.
  • Liberated on June 25, 1945.
  • On December 18, 1999, Tuguegarao became the constituent city of Republic Act No. 8255.
  • The city name is derived from any garao (“current fast river”), Taraw (a palm), and tuggui gari yao (“fire removal”). The latter reasonable for three locals may have The first arrivals of the Spaniards signaled.

Population / Language / Region

The city of Tuguegarao is the main entrance to the province of Cagayan. It has a total space of ​​144.80 square kilometers and is at the southernmost tip of the province. Established 483 km north of Manila, 65 minutes by plane, and 10 hours by land. Passing through the Philippines-Japan Friendship Highway known as the Maharlika Highway, the main road of the highway.

READ: Region IV-A CALABARZON: The Second Most Densely Populated Area

The territory is parallel to the Cagayan River. The city of Tuguegarao is bounded by Iguig in Cagayan, north; Peñablanca, east of Cagayan; south of Isabela; along the southwest and west of the Cagayan. Other parts of the river, the cities of Enrile and Solana are in the southwest and west of Tuguegarao. Takes the St. Peter’s Tower as a reference point. The city’s geographical coordinates are 121,043’46 “longitude and 17,036’54” latitude. The northern smoothing coordinates are 20,011.95 and the eastern is 20,106.67.

Cagayan Valley Product and Service

The main agricultural products are rice, root crops, vegetables, poultry, and pigs. Many fishponds within the city and the Cagayan River provide fish supplies for residents. Similar to other small cities in the Philippines, these industries include furniture and car stores. Hollow block manufacturing, bakeries, rice mills, food manufacturing, and processing.

Tuguegarao City, Cagayan Valley
by ~MVI~ (warped)

Cozy homestay at Tuguegarao Cagayan, Tuguegarao City, Philippines

Tourist Spot

  • Buntun Bridge: 2.50 km from Tuguegarao. It is the longest river bridge in the country with 1,124 km and offers uninterrupted views of the Cagayan River.
  • The Cagayan Provincial Museum and Historical Research Center is an oriented person. It was in the provincial capital building and conceived by the Provincial Council in 1971. Began operations on August 15, 1973, during the traditional Aggao na Cagayan. This is an ordinary museum with a large collection of artifacts, antiquities, and ethnography. Commercial products, artifacts, worship work, and animal fossils that once lived in the valley. The museum houses a wide range of information on the discovery of the Kaya Russians in the National Museum. The center is only 5 km from Tuguegarao.

Isabela City, Cauayan City

Isabela City Cagayan Valley
by ~MVI~ (warped)

Isabela Zen Hotel & Restaurant Corporation, Santiago, Philippines

The original residents lived with ambiguity and little information saying that several families lived there. The first locals were Enrique Baligod, Sebastian Principal, and El Salvador Macaballug. Enrique Baligod is the leader of the first group of settlers. Sebastian Chancellor, who served as the “Gobernadorcillo succeeded him” for two terms.

In 1866, a monk named Father Paulino became the pastor of the town. He “removed” the chapel, preached the Word of God, and baptized people. He established a similar government by designating Fructuoso Gannaban as a board member. Detached along with the Cagayan River settlements, Turayong, Labinab, Duminit, Baringin, and Culalabat. Which they consider to be the first quarter of Kawayan. Father Miguel Bonnet was replaced.

Paulino went to Manila. He proved to be a good missionary to God and a leader. Under his leadership, they built a large adobe and stone. As the years passed, the city became known as the tobacco industry. Attracting others to work in the vast farmland snuff in Ilocos and Pangasinan. The estate of St. Louis de la Tabacalera.

Population / Language / Region

As of 2010, the city’s total population was 125,148. It has a total space of ​​336.40 square kilometers (129.88 square miles) and is divided into 65 components.

It is located the city of Cauayan 375 km northeast of Manila; 34.5 km. South of Isabella capital Islam; 48 kilometers. North of the city of Santiago; 117 km. From the city of Tuguegarao in Cagayan.

Gaddang is the native language spoken by most of the original settlers, in urban forests, somewhere in the east and west. It uses the Ilocano dialect in the population zone, including Tagalog, Ybanag, and English. English and Tagalog are the languages ​​used in schools and commercial offices.

Product and Service

As of 2010, it listed Cauayan as a top city. It has 29 banks, 21 credit institutions, 44 insurance institutions, 89 real estate companies, and 35 pawn shops. There are over 4,442 commercial establishments, including distributors, wholesalers, and retailers. Cosmos Bottling Corporation, is now gained by the large multinational conglomerate San Miguel Corporation. Produces soft drinks in the region, while Mega Asia Bottling Corp. is to open its new plant. Give a larger niche market for the RC Cola brand. The site regional sales offices for several multinational companies.

Ilagan City, Isabela

Philippines Corn Capital

The city of Ilagan is a constituent city of the Isabela province of the Philippines. After the city of Davao, Puerto Princesa, and Zamboanga City, the capital of the province. The largest city and fourth-largest city in the Philippines.

The History

Before the Spanish, Ilagan was an organized city. The settlers used to call this place “Bolo”. One of the most populous settlements of the period and planted the vast tobacco plantations in the region. It makes one of the most important economic zones in the northern part of Luzon.

On May 4, 1686, Ilagan was founded, and the missionaries turned the locals to Christianity. Ilagan became the capital of the Cagayan Valley.

Its Population / Language / Region

The city’s total land capacity is 1,166.26 square kilometers (450.30 square miles). The land space inhabited in 2011 was 152,496 square kilometers. Attributed the rapid growth of the Ilagan population to the current economic activity, in commercial, and industrial sectors, agriculture, and housing. Ilagan belongs to 147 emerging cities in the Philippines with a population of over 100,000.

Statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics show the total population of Ilagan is 79, 336 in 1990 and 99. In 1995, with an annual growth rate of 2.5%. The total population of Ilagan is 152,496. They expect the annual growth rate to be 2.5%. They expect this to be 121,097 in 1999, 126,606 in 2001, and 131,243 in 2007. Those who wish to use Ilagan as their home can choose the best quality partitions. Adapt to your lifestyle.

Product and Service

Most industry in the city is agriculture. In the past decade, there have been many bird and pig breeding investments in the locality. Ilgangan has 7 poultry growers and 33 small and medium pig breeders. New care materials, warehouses, and light grain mills at various Ilagan Barangay to satisfy producers’ storage needs during the harvest period.

Tourist attraction

Ilagan City, Isabela
by~MVI~ (warped)

Isabela Zen Hotel & Restaurant Corporation, Santiago, Philippines

The Temple of Aguinaldo – The Philippine Revolution was written on March 23, 1940. The US Army, led by General Frederick Forston, occupied General Emilio Aguinaldo in the region.

Samal Camp: 1977 is the historical site of the Samal camp of the National Camp. Covering a space of ​​23.50 hectares and 500 feet above sea level. It occupies the mighty Cagayan River, Delu Albano, Tumauini and the Sierra Mountains.

Dibulo Falls: In the Sierra Madre, the most famous place in Isabela. This is one of the best attractions in the Sierra Madre Natural Park.

Magat Dam: The first multi-purpose dam in Southeast Asia. Established on the largest tributary of the Cagayan River, the limit of Ifugao and Isabella. The nearby destination is the Vizcarra camp.

Cities Santiago, Isabella


San Diego was the province of Cagayan (covering the entire Cagayan Valley). They reorganized into the 1583 administrative district and part of the capital of New Segovia. It names him after his guardian saint apostle James. On May 1, 1856, when Isabella engraved by the Royal Decree, ceded Santiago to one person of the new province. The original 5 blocks after the 1927 cadastral survey were Batal, Nabbuan, Patul, Dubinan, and Buenavista.

Three Sari-Sari stores in the Philippines have most of the goods. Other supplies got by settlers in Santiago in 1917 by Chinese merchants in Echague. The products disembarked for cities such as Santiago, as they are next to the Cagayan River.

Santiago continues to move forward until it becomes an independent city.

Population / Language / Region

The total space of ​​San Diego is 275.00 square kilometers (106.18 square miles). The city’s total land space in the city’s northwest, and t. The eastern and western regions are flat or 80% horizontal. Adjacent areas have areas of slight rolling and moderate rolling, and the remaining areas make up very undulating and undulating terrain. The hills of Balintocatoc are the highest point in the city. As of 2010, the registered population was 132,804.

Product and Service

The largest companies in the city include ABS-CBN and Vista Land-Camella Isabela. GMA7, San Miguel Corp., Digitel and PLDT, Pepsi Cola, Purefoods. The National Food Administration maintains its presence in the city, competing with local businessmen as a strategy to stabilize prices. Different car companies such as General Motors, Mitsubishi, Isuzu, Toyota, Nissan, Hyundai. Other auto companies, Honda and Yamaha, and cars stay in the city’s presence. Auto companies, Ford Mazda and Kia Motors will soon open branches in the city.

READ: The Philipines Luzon: Northern and Southern

San Diego has the largest and most well-equipped hospitals in the region.

But, agriculture remains the main source of subsistence. The main crops are rice, corn, and high-value fruits and vegetables. You can find impressive grain stations and buy crops from parts of Ifugao, Kalinga, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, and Isabela. These crops were later shipped to Bulacan, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, or Batangas. Besides this city’s new product is muscovado sugar. The city’s goal is not only to sell the product but export it to. Rice mills exist.

Tourist Spot

by DFAT photo library

Holiday Plaza Hotel, Tuguegarao City, Philippines

  • San Andres Country Farm
  • Spring Garden Resort and Hotel
  • Sunshine Waves Resort and Garden Venue

Dalton Pass