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Caraga Region XIII, Region XIII

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 2 of 2

Export and Investment

Investment in the region fell by 25.4%. The 6.3 billion Philippine pesos in 2002 to 4.6 billion pesos in 2003. Investment in every province in the region experienced negative growth. Agusan del Sur declined the most year-on-year during 2002-2003, at 62.6%. The decrease of 8.5%, the share of Agusan del Norte’s investment increased from 64.8% to 79.5%. Base on DTI Caraga’s board of directors. Investment data is only partial in part and does not show the overall level of investment in the district. DTI Caraga’s data does not cover public expenditure data.

The period 2000-2001, exports fell by 19.08%, and exports in 2001-2002 fell by 57.52%. Agusan Norte, Surigao Norte, and Surigao Sur recorded negative growth between 2000 and 2001. Surigao Sur recorded the largest decline (81.31%). The year 2002, Agusan Norte’s exports increased by 741.04%, a sign of economic growth in the province. Exports in northern Surigao fell the most, in 2002 (63.17%).

The year 2000, the region XIII contributed 1.87% to Mindanao’s exports; this expanded to 2.68% in 2001 but fell to 0.77% in 2002.

Natural Resources

They know the district for its timber economy. Extensive water resources and abundant minerals such as iron, gold, silver, nickel, chromite, manganese and copper. Its main crops are the taste, bananas, and coconuts.

There are several beaches in the territory, rich in seafood, cool and hot springs, evergreen forests and a mild climate.

Main Products

Region XIII

The main agricultural products in the region include corn, palay, coconut, gold. Oil palm, banana, rubber, calamansi, crab, seaweed, shrimp, and mango. The distance between Caraga and Cebu and Manila makes products in these markets conducive to shipments. The traffic volume at other locations in Mindanao increases. Nasipit Port can serve as a secondary shipping center for Cagayan de Oro. Surigao is operating the Ro-Ro ferry service and is an important transportation hub for trucks and buses to Luzon.


Siargao, known as the “Philippines Surfing Capital”, organizes an international surfing event every year. The huge “Peace Roll” has become one of the top five jumps in the world. Including “Cloud Nine” they consider which to be one of the most important surfing waves in the world. They discovered other ruptures in cities such as Cantilan, Tandag, and Lanuza, providing exploratory surfing without crowds.


Guyam, Daku, La Janosa, Naked or Pansukian, Bucas Grande, Pig-ot, Dinagat, Cantilan and Britania have small islands. An island with white sand beaches surrounded by coral reefs for swimming and diving.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

Other attractions include the carved waterways in the middle of the mangroves of Barangay Manjagao; the Barangay Dayasan floating village in Buena Vista Cavern; and the white sandy tropical beaches on Sagisi Island. Britania in San Agustín-Surigao del Sur has 25 small islands, white sandy beaches and a group of limestone hills.

Mountain Bike

Travel By Walking

Alabel City, Surigao del Sur, Kawas, Agusan del Norte and Siargao bicycle trails. Will host cross-country and downhill races involving local and international cycling.

Mount Mas-ai and Mt. Hilong-Hilong offer panoramic views of Agusan’s vast trough. Close to the mountains. Mas-ai is in Lake Mainit, the country’s fourth largest lake. With a space of ​​147 square kilometers (57 square miles). Over the years, they have known this lake tilapia, pidjanga, haw-an, kasili, banak, saguyon, gingaw, and igi’s lair. Migratory birds, pagoi and tabokali flowers are their intermittent added attractions.

The mangrove forest in Del Carmen covers a range of ​​8,000 hectares (80 square kilometers). One of the largest mangrove forests in the Philippines. Sohoton’s caves and lagoons on the island of Bucas Grande. An hour-long journey from Siargao, showing limestone formations, entering a narrow passage, and soon it became a cave.


Karst bedrock in parts the provinces of Surigao and Agusan (San Agustín, Lianga, Rosario, Tagbina, and Bislig) presents several caves. Isn’t common destinations for leisure cave explorers. Caves of Banbow and Tatol (listed 6th and 9th caves in the Philippines) are in cities of Tagbina and Bislig. Declared the third longest cave in the country by Japanese cave explorers. The most visited and most accessible caves in the territory are the Buenavista Caves and the Silop Caves in Surigao. The Libas Caves in Jabonga-Agusan del Norte. These caves have limestone formations and stalagmites, stalactites and carved pillars.

Events and Festivals

Agusan’s Swamp

It covers a range of ​​14,000 hectares (140 square kilometers), the Agusan Reservoir in Agusan del Sur. One of the largest wetlands in the country with a variety of birds. 

The festival includes the Naliyagan Festival of Agusan del Sur, Kahimunan, Balangay, Surigao del Sur’s Kaliguan of Cagwait. Lisagan and the region’s most famous Bonok-Bonok festival Maradjaw Karadjaw to commemorate San patron Nicholas De Torun Tino. In the annual international surfing competition, surfers from the world gathered in Siargao.


The entire part connected by roads from the main commercial and processing centres of Cagayan de Oro and Davao. Wuduan City is developing into a regional center with modern facilities. Many secondary seaports and airports in the territory. Has much and more telecommunications facilities and the main base port of the region in the Verano harbour in Surigao.

Social Development

Education and Skills Development

The literacy rate in the region XIII in 1990 was 93%, higher than the national average of 92.57%. In 1997, public and 49 private primary schools. The110 public, 71 private secondary schools, 26 secondary school affiliated schools and 7 vocational schools supported education in the region.


There are 49 higher education institutions in region XIII, including 45 private higher education institutions (HEIs). Four universities and state universities (SUCs). In higher education institutions, St. Nicholas College (now St. Paul University-Surigao and the first university established throughout the region). Identified as the Center for Teacher Education Development and the Regional Center for Gender and Education. The development, as the headquarters of the CARAGA Women’s Resources Center.

Caraga State University (CSU). Known as Northern Mindanao State Institute of Science and Technology of Mindanao (NORMISIST). One of 112 institutions investing in the Philippines. The Higher Education Commission (CHED) identified it as the Center for Information Technology Development (COD), Biological COD and Math COD. The research environment of the Caraga Center and in the Eco-governance (CREME) management. Caraga Environmental Research Center and Management (CCESM). The focus of capacity building and coordination of environmental protection. In the field. The university, through the geographic information of the Caraga Center (CCGeo). Is (the systematic evaluation of the impact of the risk of flooding in Mindanao.

The geographic information science), implementing the geography SAFER Mindanao agency, the research plan LiDAR data will flood. The risk zone maps to construe the resistant island of Mindanao. CSU produces high-level councils, forestry, geotechnical engineering, mining engineering, and agricultural engineering has passed. Leading him to the recent State University Level 4 accredited by the Higher Education Commission for years of excellence. In research and innovation systems for excellence in teaching and research.

State University

Father Saturnino Urios University founded by the dearest Spanish missionary Caraga (father). The Saturnino Urios S.J. Higher Education Commission (CHED). Believes that the University of Saturnino Urios is one of the best schools in the region. It has achieved the best results in the examinations of the National Committee for Nursing, Engineering and Accounting. They performed well in the Teacher Licensing Examination (LET) and the Philippine Bar Association (BAR). On July 12, 2006, Urios School proclaimed its promotion to the university and now renamed Padre. The University of Saturnino Urios (FSUU), the first local university in Caraga.

In the 1996-1997 school year, the participation rate of public primary schools 93.65%. The enrolment rate in public secondary schools is low at 56%. Teachers and students ratio at both levels is within the teacher’s standard for every 40 students. The survival rate of this group considered being low at the primary and intermediate levels, which 66.23% and 68.93%. The 1996-97 school year, high school dropout rates high, in Butuan (9.5%) and Surigao del Sur (7.8%). This may be one reason most people only end in primary school.

Health and Nutrition

Besides the maternal mortality rate, every important health indicators from 1992 to 1997 showed a downward trend. The crude birth rate fell from an average of 21.02 from 1992 to 1996 to 18.71 in 1997. The crude death rate fell from the average death rate in 1992-1996 to 3.0 in 1997. Infant mortality rate rose from an average of 1.33 in 1992-1996 to 1.56 in 1997.

Total major causes of the disease from 1992 to 1997 infectious diseases. Except for pneumonia (836.30 to 1,200.23), diarrhea (1,059.40 to 1,133.11). The Influenza (655.36 to 926.74) malaria (216.80), and the rate per million population. The declined to 366.5 of the main causes of death. Lifestyle-related diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer rank first, replacing infectious diseases.

The district faces problems with endemic diseases such as schistosomiasis and malaria. Although its prevalence has declined over the past three years. Caraga region XIII is still ranked second in schistosomiasis cases and sixth in malaria cases in the country.

The malnutrition rate 49.25%, of which 34.05% classified as low body weight. 11.66% underweight, 1.43% low weight, and 3.60% overweight.

According to the 1995 census, life expectancy in the region XIII 65.73 for men and 70.98 for women.


In 1997, 62 hospitals in region XIII, 35 of which government hospitals and 27 private hospitals. Among the 27 private hospitals, 20 are primary schools, 4 are secondary schools, and 3 are tertiary. Of the 35 government hospitals, 18 are primary schools, 14 are secondary schools, and 3 are tertiary. The 73 major health centers, 489 Barangay health stations. 76 doctors, 147 nurses, 35 medical technicians, 45 dental assistants, 52 dentists, 608 midwives, and 137 health inspectors. Each of this returned to the local government authorities in conformity with local government regulations of 1991.

Social Welfare Services

In 1996, there were 1,619 welfare facilities in Caraga, of which 1,238 were daycare centres, 8 were Tertiary Centres. The 3 were Productivity Skills Capability Building for Disadvantaged Women (PSCBDW). Children’s Learning and Resources Centre, Women’s Centre, Girls’ Home. Youth Regional Rehabilitation Centre, Lingap Centre, Balay Silongan, foster families of abused children and women, and mental illness among families.

Among public-based services, only PSCBDW managed by DSWD, while the rest managed by LGU.


The region XIII at a unique housing image in 1990. Other areas complain about housing shortages, still, many houses were vacant, in Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Norte. But, the statistics do not show the poor quality of the units to replace and the current housing stock. At present, Butuan City and Surigao City and other cities have not spared from the housing problem. The squatters purchased by urbanization.


Roads and Bridges

The Caraga region has the first and only cable-stayed bridge on the entire island of Mindanao. In the Surigao-Siargao Bridge in the northern province of Surigao, connecting the mainland with the Siargao Island.

The region connected to the main centre of its neighbourhood via the Maharlika Highway. Which extends from Davao City, Cagayan de Oro, and Surigao. It interconnects these provinces with concrete roads. Except for parts of Surigao del Sur still being completed in areas. The total length of roads in the territory is 7,515,596 km. Their road density in 1995 was 0.3988. The region has 1,325,558 km of national and urban roads and 1,289,774 km of provinces. The total length of municipal roads in the district is 696.46 km.

There are bridges in the region with a total length of 23,775.49 linear meters. Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur have the longest bridge lengths: 9,288,520 linear meters and 7,853.4 linear meters.

Seaports and Airports

As a land entry into the Visayas and Luzon, you can access the territory. Through the base port of the summer port and the Lipata Ferry Terminal in Surigao. Which connects the southern province of Wright. Other terminal harbors are in Surigao del Norte, Siargao, Dapa, San José in the Dinagat Islands. Bislig in Surigao del Sur, Tandag and Nasipit Port in Agusan del Norte. The fast ferry service is available daily for the Surigao-Cebu daily.Private ports can found in different cities and downtowns in the region. Only three of the 42 ports serve.

The district offers commercial flights to and from Manila and Cebu, passing through Butuan. Surigao and Siargao in Surigao del Norte and Tandag Airport in Surigao del Sur. Bislig Airport served before suspending commercial flights. Advice on Agusan del Sur and Dinagat airports is being studied if they are available for commercial operations. There are six other private airports in the district, including PHILNICO Airport in Nonoc island in Surigao. The port and airport are compatible with the road network connecting the provinces inside and outside region XIII.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

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