Batangas beaches

Batangas-Nasugbu beautiful beaches and excellent diving spots

Batangas Province is located in the southwestern part of Luzon Island, Philippines, with Batangas Province as its capital. This is a popular destination located near Manila, a 2-3 hour drive away. Known for its beautiful beaches and excellent diving spots, the city is an ideal place to observe marine life. Also, Dive sites in the area also provide an excellent choice for macro photography.

Besides, the centuries-old church is also a great place to visit and watch the memoir of history. Batangas City is an important entertainment, religious, commercial, industrial and educational center of the province. You can easily reach the city beautiful beaches by a road transport system and by boat and ferry. Also, the well-equipped hotel in Batangas Province offers good accommodation options for tourists.

Club Punta Fuego Located in Nasugbu

The Club Punta Fuego was refurbished in 2014 to ensure a pleasant stay for business or leisure guests in Batangas. The hotel is not far from the city center. Just 10 km from the hotel and usually takes 180 minutes to reach the airport. For those who want to take risks. Pico De Loro Beach and Country Club are just some sights of tourists and beautiful beaches.

The Punta Figo Club Hotel offers its guests quality service and a wide range of facilities. Dedicated to ensuring a comfortable stay. The main features of the hotel include 24-hour reception, Wi-Fi in public areas, parking, room service, and babysitting services.

Batangas-beautiful beaches and excellent diving spots

There are 48 rooms at Club Punta Fuego. All rooms are tastefully decorated and even offer plasma/LCD TVs. A separate living room, non-smoking rooms, air conditioning and wake up service. The hotel offers a variety of leisure facilities including a private beach, a golf course (on-site). A golf course (within 3 km) and an outdoor swimming pool. At the Punta Tierra del Fuego Club. You can enjoy the perfect combination of professional service and a variety of features.


Receive world-class service at Club Punta Fuego Located in Nasugbu, 71.5 km from Tagaytay, 62 km from Mount Batulao. Club Punta Fuego is a beachfront property featuring an outdoor swimming pool. Three dining options, and an indoor golf course. Free Wi-Fi is available in its entirety.

The air-conditioned suite and villas feature a balcony, satellite TV, and a safe. Moreover, the unit also has a desk and sofa, and there is a bath or shower. A hairdryer and free toiletries in the private bathroom.

Recreational facilities include a spa and wellness center and water sport activities. The resort has its nine-hole golf course with spectacular sea views. To relax, guests can choose from three pools that offer a variety of settings. Beach coves are also available for guests who want to soak up the sun while at the beautiful beaches. Because, Club Punta Fuego also has a tennis court, indoor squash court, and mini-theater.

Batangas-excellent diving spots

San Diego Restaurant serves international cuisine while II Jardineto offers authentic Italian favorites. After a day of activity, guests can lounge at the Traditions and Contradictions Bar and Lounge. So a cocktail while exploring the Philippine Sea and beautiful beaches. The nearest airport, Manila International Airport. A 110 km from the accommodation and is within a two hour and 45-minute drive.




Fortune Island” (CC BY 2.0) by thefool0803

CAR Region XIV Mindanao Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Region XIV

The Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Region XIV, an autonomous region on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. It comprises five major Muslim provinces: Basilan (except Isabela), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi. The only region that has its holding government. The de facto location of the regional government is Cotabato, although the autonomous city is not within its jurisdiction.

ARMM includes the Shariff Kabunsuan province from 2006 to July 16, 2008. When Shariff Kabunsuan ceased to exist after the Supreme Court of the Philippines announced the “Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act 201”. He created it, in Sema vs. unconstitutional COMELEC.

On October 7, 2012, President Benigno Aquino III stated that the government intends to achieve peace in the autonomous region. Call it the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region, a complex of Bangsa (country) and Moro. On July 26, 2018, Aquino’s successor, President Rodrigo Duterte, signed the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL). Which laid the foundation set up a new autonomous political entity in the region. The (BARMM), Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

Cities, Places In Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Region XIV

After the approval of BOL, ARMM canceled and will be replaced by BARMM. After forming the Interim Government Bangsamoro Transitional Authority in the region. The January 21 after the referendum, the law was “approved” on January 25, 2019.


The Autonomous Region XIV in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) on the mainland of Mindanao in the southern Philippines. Created by Republic Act No. The 6734, confirmed into legislation by President Corazon Aquino on August 1, 1989. Their referendum held on November 17, 1989, in the ARMM region of ​​Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi.

READ: The Philippines Best Cities, Places In SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII

The region strengthened and expanded by the approved Republic No. 9054 Act, which amended Act No. 6734 of the Republic. Designated “The Law stipulates ARMM,” amended September 2001, as a separate of ARMM, from Basilan and Marawi.


The history of the Philippines, the region and most of Mindanao are independent territories. It enables to develop own culture and identity. The district has a traditional homeland for Filipino Muslims since the fifteenth century. The Spaniards even who colonized most of the Philippines before the Muslim missionaries in 1565. They arrived in Tawi Tawi in 1380 to begin colonization of the territory. And transforming the indigenous population into Islam. In 1457, it established the Sultanate of Sulu. They established Soon after the Sultanate of Maguindanao and Buayan. While the Philippines under Spanish rule.

These Sultanates maintained their independence and carried out attacks on coastal towns in northern. They rejected Spain’s invasion of its territory to question the Spanish rule of the Philippines. During the last quarter of the nineteenth century that the Sultan of Sulu recognized Spanish sovereignty. But these areas still controlled by the Spaniards something limited. Because of sovereignty in Zamboanga and Cotabato to military radio stations and garrisons and settlements. Civilian settlements had to leave the region because they failed in the Spanish-American war.

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In ARMM

For over 400 years, the Moors have to resist the history of Spain, the United States, and Japan. Moro’s current Muslim leaders believe the violent armed struggle against Japanese, Filipinos, Spaniards, and Americans. A portion of the 4-century “social liberation organization” of the Bangsamoro. The 400-year resistance of the Moorish Muslims to the Japanese, Americans, and Spaniards persists. It becomes their current war of independence for the Filipino countries.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

In 1942, during the early stages of the Second World War in the Pacific War. The Japanese Imperial Army’s army invaded and invaded Mindanao. A Moro’s native Muslims launched a rebellion against the Japanese. Three years later, in 1945, the United Army and the Philippine Federation Army liberated Mindanao. With the help of local guerrillas, defeated the Japanese who occupied the territory.


In the 1970s, escalate hostilities between government forces and the Moro National Liberation Front. This led to issuing a declaration by President Ferdinand Marcos to form an autonomous region in the southern Philippines. But, rejected by the referendum. In 1979, Batas Pambansa No. 20 established an autonomous regional government in the western and central parts of Mindanao.


The Muslim Autonomous Region XIV of Mindanao set up the first time on August 1, 1989. It gives Muslim Autonomous Region XIV of Mindanao through the Republic Act 6734 (known as the Organic Law) and the Constitution. The referendum in Basilan, Cotabato, South Davao, North Lanao. In South Lanao, Maguindanao Province, Palawan Island, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudala, Sulu, Tawi – Tawi. The provinces of North Zamboanga and Zamboanga. In Cotabato, Dapitan, Dipolog, General Santos, Coronado, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, Puerto Princesa. The city of Zamboanga to decide if residents want to be part of ARMM. Four provinces, South Lanao (except Marawi), Maguindanao, Sulu, and Tawi-they to include Tawi in the new autonomous region xiv.

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In ARMM

ARMM completed in Cotabato on November 6, 1990 [19], it designated which as the temporary capital. They promulgated the Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Bill on September 22, 1995. Try to fix the regional government’s seat in the Parang in Maguindanao province, waiting complete required buildings and infrastructure. But, transferring Parang has never done. Until they take on the Republic’s Law No. 9054, 2001. The regional government ARMM ordered the re-establishment of the new permanent seat of government in the region under its jurisdiction. The city of Cotabato remains the de facto seat of the ARMM government. 

2001 ARMM Extension.

On February 7, 2001, US Congress passed a new law, Republic Act No. 9054, expand the territory and powers of ARMM. By amending the original Organic Law (RA No. 6734), voted to approve the amendment. Confirm what others Provinces and cities will join the region. RA 9054 became law on March 31, 2001, without the signature of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. A referendum in Basilan Island, Cotabato Province, South Davao, North Lanao, South Lanao. The Maguindanao Province, Palawan Island, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudala, Sulu, Tawi – Tawi, Zamboanga Province. Held August 14th North Zamboanga and Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, and Cotabato. In Dapitan, Dipolog, General Santos, Iligan, Kidapawan, Marawi, Pagadian, Puerto Princesa, Digos, Coronal, Tacurong, and Zamboanga City. In the referendum, most of the four original provinces voted in favor of the amendment; outside these areas, only Marawi and Basilan (excluding Isabella) chose to was in ARMM.

Create and Dissolve Shariff Kabunsuan

The sixth ARMM province, Shariff Kabunsuan, excavated in Maguindanao on October 28, 2006. On July 16, 2008, the Supreme Court of the Philippines canceled set up Shariff Kabunsuan. It declared that Article 19 violated the Constitution 9054. Granted the ARMM District Council the power to create provinces and cities. The Supreme Court held that only Congress has the power to create provinces and cities. Because creating these provinces and cities includes the power to prove a legislative district. Which based on the Philippine Constitution, the exclusive right established by Congress?

Ancestral Field Agreement Memorandum

On July 18, 2008, Hermogenes Esperon, then peace adviser to the then president, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. Showed in a get together with the insurgents of the Malaysian Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The planned expansion of the city. After negotiating and approved by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The agreement will grant ARMM control over 712 added villages in southwestern Mindanao and broader political and economic power.

The large-scale protests greeted the movements of the Philippine. Moro connected Islamic Liberation Front government committees and chose not to join ARMM, 1989 and 2001.

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In ARMM

On August 4, 2008, after local Cotabato officials requested the Supreme Court to prevent the Philippine government from signing. Agree with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the court issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting the signing memorandum of agreement. The ancestral field between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebels in Malaysia (MOA-AD). Congressmen submitted petitions to the Supreme Court to prevent the Philippine government from completing MOA-AD for lack of transparency. In fact, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front has not yet cut links to al-Qaeda. The Islamic Jemaah terrorist network, aimed at establishing Islam in Southeast Asia. The country uses the Moro Islamic Liberation Front camp in southwestern Mindanao as a training camp and attack preparation point.

On October 14, 2008, the Supreme Court of the Philippines passed the ancestral field of the Tripoli Peace Agreement (MOA-AD). Which violated the law and the Constitution, by 8 votes to 7. Between the Philippines in 2001. Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The 89-page decision, written by Deputy Attorney General Conchita Carpio Morales, ruled. “The presidential adviser to the peace method abused discretion when it did not follow the relevant consultation scheme. EO No. 3., RA 7160 and RA 8371. The sneaky scheme of designing and developing MOA-AD violates authority and makes up capricious, oppressive, arbitrary and authoritarian behavior. It illustrates active evasion of active responsibility and refused to fulfill the oblige of collection.”

Bangsamoro State 

Because of the challenge of the former government to set up the Bangsamoro entity. Then Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte announced his intention to set up a federal government form. To replace a single form of government his campaign speech the 2016 Philippine winner of the presidential election. In its plan, besides the cities of Isabella and Cotabato. The ARMM and the field of voting for ARMM in 2001 will become part of the federal state. An ally Aquilino Pimentel advocated the federal scheme Duterte said in an interview. Isabella City, Basilan, Lamitan, Sulu and Tawi – Tawi can become a federal state. While South Lanao, Marawi, Cotabato City, Maguindanao can become a single state. The federal state has a different heritage of the Muslim Mindanao mainland because of the Muslim Sulu Islands.

Bangsa Sug and Bangsa Moro

In 2018, represent every ethnic group from the Sultan in the Sulu Islands began in Zamboanga City. Announcing that they were the people of Bangsa Sug. It separates them from the Bangsa Moro people from the mainland centre of Mindanao. They cite the complete differences between culture and customary lifestyles. The main reason for their separation from Muslims in the Central Mindanao. They called on the government to set up an independent Filipino country called Bangsa Sug on the mainland of Bangsamoro. Or to include the Sulu Islands in any state on the Zamboanga Peninsula. If the next Philippines approved by the federal scheme.

Administrative Division

The Muslim Autonomous Region xiv of Mindanao comprises two constituent cities, 116 municipalities and 2,490 towns. The cities of Isabella and Cotabato are not within the administrative jurisdiction of ARMM. Although the former is part of Basilan, which considered but not part of the political Maguindanao province.

Lanao del Sur

ARMM Organizational Structures


The region headed by a regional governor. Their regional governor and the regional deputy governor elected as local executives. The Regional Decree established by the District Council and comprises members of the Assembly and elected. According to Congressional legislation, it holds regional elections one year after the general elections (national and local). Regional officials appointed for a three-year term and may extend through the Congressional Act.

The Regional Governor is the CEO of the Regional Government and assisted by a cabinet of only 10 members. Senior officials are to appoint cabinet members, this to confirmation by the regional legislative assembly. Control every regional executive committee, agencies, committees, offices, and offices.

Executive Meeting

Governor of the Muslim Autonomous Region XIV of Mindanao

The Executive Committee advises the regional governor on the government affairs of the autonomous region. It comprises the regional governor, a regional deputy governor. Three regional deputy governors (each representing a Christian, Muslim, and indigenous cultural communal). They appoint the Regional Director and the Regional Vice-Governor. Term of three years with only three-year terms highest. The term of the Representative is consistent with the term of the Regional Director who designates them.


ARMM has a one-chamber regional legislative assembly led by the president. It comprises three members from each congressional district. The number of members who canceled ARMM was 24, of which 6 were from Lanao del Sur, including Marawi City. Six were from Maguindanao, 6 were from Sulu, 3 were from Basilan, and 3 were from Tawi-Tawi.

The local legislative assembly is the parliamentary division of the ARMM government. Official members (3 members/regions) and departmental representatives appointed for a term of three years; for a greatest of three consecutive semesters. He exercises legislative power in the autonomous region, except for diplomacy. The national defense and national security, postal, monetary and monetary policies. Justice, quarantine, tariff and customs, citizenship, naturalization, immigration, and deportation. General audit, national elections, shipping, land and air transport, communications, patents, trademarks, trade names, and copyrights. The foreign trade, and legislation on matters covered by Islamic law, laws governing Muslims.

The Power and Basic Principles of ARMM.

RA 9054 states that ARMM “is still an integral part of the territory of the Republic”. The President has supervised the regional governor. According to the constitutional provisions and RA 9054. Local governments may create their own sources of income and collect taxes, fees, and charges. Islamic law applies only to Muslims; its scope of application limited by the relevant constitutional provisions (prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment).

Region XIV:Cultural Heritage

People in the Bangsamoro region, including Muslims and non-Muslims, have a culture that revolves around Kulintang music. Special music found in Muslim and non-Muslim groups in the southern Philippines. Each ethnic group of ARMM has its own unique architecture, intangible heritage and crafts. A good example of the region’s original architectural style is the Royal Sulu Building. Which used to make Daru Jambangan (Flower Palace) in Sulu Maimbung. Because of the typhoon of 1932, the palace destroyed during the American period and has never rebuilt. It used to be the largest palace in the Philippines. It has carried a faithful restoration of interest in Maimbung town out since 1933. A tiny replica of a palace was in a small town near the 2010s. But it pointed out that the copy does not mean that the campaign to rebuild the palace Maimbung has stopped. The copy the product does not say the true essence of the Sulu Palace. In 2013, the remaining members of the Sulu royal family designated Maimbung as the royal capital of Sultanate of Sulu.

ARMM Regional Building

Photo by georgeparrilla

Mindanao Region XIII Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 2 of 2

Export and Investment

Investment in the region fell by 25.4%. The 6.3 billion Philippine pesos in 2002 to 4.6 billion pesos in 2003. Investment in every province in the region experienced negative growth. Agusan del Sur declined the most year-on-year during 2002-2003, at 62.6%. The decrease of 8.5%, the share of Agusan del Norte’s investment increased from 64.8% to 79.5%. Base on DTI Caraga’s board of directors. Investment data is only partial in part and does not show the overall level of investment in the district. DTI Caraga’s data does not cover public expenditure data.

The period 2000-2001, exports fell by 19.08%, and exports in 2001-2002 fell by 57.52%. Agusan Norte, Surigao Norte, and Surigao Sur recorded negative growth between 2000 and 2001. Surigao Sur recorded the largest decline (81.31%). The year 2002, Agusan Norte’s exports increased by 741.04%, a sign of economic growth in the province. Exports in northern Surigao fell the most, in 2002 (63.17%).

The year 2000, the region XIII contributed 1.87% to Mindanao’s exports; this expanded to 2.68% in 2001 but fell to 0.77% in 2002.

Natural Resources

They know the district for its timber economy. Extensive water resources and abundant minerals such as iron, gold, silver, nickel, chromite, manganese and copper. Its main crops are the taste, bananas, and coconuts.

There are several beaches in the territory, rich in seafood, cool and hot springs, evergreen forests and a mild climate.

Main Products

The main agricultural products in the region include corn, palay, coconut, gold. Oil palm, banana, rubber, calamansi, crab, seaweed, shrimp, and mango. The distance between Caraga and Cebu and Manila makes products in these markets conducive to shipments. The traffic volume at other locations in Mindanao increases. Nasipit Port can serve as a secondary shipping center for Cagayan de Oro. Surigao is operating the Ro-Ro ferry service and is an important transportation hub for trucks and buses to Luzon.


Siargao, known as the “Philippines Surfing Capital”, organizes an international surfing event every year. The huge “Peace Roll” has become one of the top five jumps in the world. Including “Cloud Nine” they consider which to be one of the most important surfing waves in the world. They discovered other ruptures in cities such as Cantilan, Tandag, and Lanuza, providing exploratory surfing without crowds.


Guyam, Daku, La Janosa, Naked or Pansukian, Bucas Grande, Pig-ot, Dinagat, Cantilan and Britania have small islands. An island with white sand beaches surrounded by coral reefs for swimming and diving.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

Other attractions include the carved waterways in the middle of the mangroves of Barangay Manjagao; the Barangay Dayasan floating village in Buena Vista Cavern; and the white sandy tropical beaches on Sagisi Island. Britania in San Agustín-Surigao del Sur has 25 small islands, white sandy beaches and a group of limestone hills.

Mountain Bike

Alabel City, Surigao del Sur, Kawas, Agusan del Norte and Siargao bicycle trails. Will host cross-country and downhill races involving local and international cycling.

Travel By Walking

Mount Mas-ai and Mt. Hilong-Hilong offer panoramic views of Agusan’s vast trough. Close to the mountains. Mas-ai is in Lake Mainit, the country’s fourth largest lake. With a space of ​​147 square kilometers (57 square miles). Over the years, they have known this lake tilapia, pidjanga, haw-an, kasili, banak, saguyon, gingaw, and igi’s lair. Migratory birds, pagoi and tabokali flowers are their intermittent added attractions.

The mangrove forest in Del Carmen covers a range of ​​8,000 hectares (80 square kilometers). One of the largest mangrove forests in the Philippines. Sohoton’s caves and lagoons on the island of Bucas Grande. An hour-long journey from Siargao, showing limestone formations, entering a narrow passage, and soon it became a cave.


Karst bedrock in parts the provinces of Surigao and Agusan (San Agustín, Lianga, Rosario, Tagbina, and Bislig) presents several caves. Isn’t common destinations for leisure cave explorers. Caves of Banbow and Tatol (listed 6th and 9th caves in the Philippines) are in cities of Tagbina and Bislig. Declared the third longest cave in the country by Japanese cave explorers. The most visited and most accessible caves in the territory are the Buenavista Caves and the Silop Caves in Surigao. The Libas Caves in Jabonga-Agusan del Norte. These caves have limestone formations and stalagmites, stalactites and carved pillars.

Agusan’s Swamp

It covers a range of ​​14,000 hectares (140 square kilometers), the Agusan Reservoir in Agusan del Sur. One of the largest wetlands in the country with a variety of birds. 

Events and Festivals

The festival includes the Naliyagan Festival of Agusan del Sur, Kahimunan, Balangay, Surigao del Sur’s Kaliguan of Cagwait. Lisagan and the region’s most famous Bonok-Bonok festival Maradjaw Karadjaw to commemorate San patron Nicholas De Torun Tino. In the annual international surfing competition, surfers from the world gathered in Siargao.


The entire part connected by roads from the main commercial and processing centres of Cagayan de Oro and Davao. Wuduan City is developing into a regional center with modern facilities. Many secondary seaports and airports in the territory. Has much and more telecommunications facilities and the main base port of the region in the Verano harbour in Surigao.

Social Development

Education and Skills Development

The literacy rate in the region XIII in 1990 was 93%, higher than the national average of 92.57%. In 1997, public and 49 private primary schools. The110 public, 71 private secondary schools, 26 secondary school affiliated schools and 7 vocational schools supported education in the region.

There are 49 higher education institutions in region XIII, including 45 private higher education institutions (HEIs). Four universities and state universities (SUCs). In higher education institutions, St. Nicholas College (now St. Paul University-Surigao and the first university established throughout the region). Identified as the Center for Teacher Education Development and the Regional Center for Gender and Education. The development, as the headquarters of the CARAGA Women’s Resources Center.

Caraga State University (CSU). Known as Northern Mindanao State Institute of Science and Technology of Mindanao (NORMISIST). One of 112 institutions investing in the Philippines. The Higher Education Commission (CHED) identified it as the Center for Information Technology Development (COD), Biological COD and Math COD. The research environment of the Caraga Center and in the Eco-governance (CREME) management. Caraga Environmental Research Center and Management (CCESM). The focus of capacity building and coordination of environmental protection. In the field. The university, through the geographic information of the Caraga Center (CCGeo). Is (the systematic evaluation of the impact of the risk of flooding in Mindanao.

The geographic information science), implementing the geography SAFER Mindanao agency, the research plan LiDAR data will flood. The risk zone maps to construe the resistant island of Mindanao. CSU produces high-level councils, forestry, geotechnical engineering, mining engineering, and agricultural engineering has passed. Leading him to the recent State University Level 4 accredited by the Higher Education Commission for years of excellence. In research and innovation systems for excellence in teaching and research.

Father Saturnino Urios University founded by the dearest Spanish missionary Caraga (father). The Saturnino Urios S.J. Higher Education Commission (CHED). Believes that the University of Saturnino Urios is one of the best schools in the region. It has achieved the best results in the examinations of the National Committee for Nursing, Engineering and Accounting. They performed well in the Teacher Licensing Examination (LET) and the Philippine Bar Association (BAR). On July 12, 2006, Urios School proclaimed its promotion to the university and now renamed Padre. The University of Saturnino Urios (FSUU), the first local university in Caraga.

In the 1996-1997 school year, the participation rate of public primary schools 93.65%. The enrolment rate in public secondary schools is low at 56%. Teachers and students ratio at both levels is within the teacher’s standard for every 40 students. The survival rate of this group considered being low at the primary and intermediate levels, which 66.23% and 68.93%. The 1996-97 school year, high school dropout rates high, in Butuan (9.5%) and Surigao del Sur (7.8%). This may be one reason most people only end in primary school.

Health and Nutrition

Besides the maternal mortality rate, every important health indicators from 1992 to 1997 showed a downward trend. The crude birth rate fell from an average of 21.02 from 1992 to 1996 to 18.71 in 1997. The crude death rate fell from the average death rate in 1992-1996 to 3.0 in 1997. Infant mortality rate rose from an average of 1.33 in 1992-1996 to 1.56 in 1997.

Total major causes of the disease from 1992 to 1997 infectious diseases. Except for pneumonia (836.30 to 1,200.23), diarrhea (1,059.40 to 1,133.11). The Influenza (655.36 to 926.74) malaria (216.80), and the rate per million population. The declined to 366.5 of the main causes of death. Lifestyle-related diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer rank first, replacing infectious diseases.

The district faces problems with endemic diseases such as schistosomiasis and malaria. Although its prevalence has declined over the past three years. Caraga region XIII is still ranked second in schistosomiasis cases and sixth in malaria cases in the country.

The malnutrition rate 49.25%, of which 34.05% classified as low body weight. 11.66% underweight, 1.43% low weight, and 3.60% overweight.

According to the 1995 census, life expectancy in the region XIII 65.73 for men and 70.98 for women.

In 1997, 62 hospitals in region XIII, 35 of which government hospitals and 27 private hospitals. Among the 27 private hospitals, 20 are primary schools, 4 are secondary schools, and 3 are tertiary. Of the 35 government hospitals, 18 are primary schools, 14 are secondary schools, and 3 are tertiary. The 73 major health centers, 489 Barangay health stations. 76 doctors, 147 nurses, 35 medical technicians, 45 dental assistants, 52 dentists, 608 midwives, and 137 health inspectors. Each of this returned to the local government authorities in conformity with local government regulations of 1991.

Social Welfare Services

In 1996, there were 1,619 welfare facilities in Caraga, of which 1,238 were daycare centres, 8 were Tertiary Centres. The 3 were Productivity Skills Capability Building for Disadvantaged Women (PSCBDW). Children’s Learning and Resources Centre, Women’s Centre, Girls’ Home. Youth Regional Rehabilitation Centre, Lingap Centre, Balay Silongan, foster families of abused children and women, and mental illness among families.

Among public-based services, only PSCBDW managed by DSWD, while the rest managed by LGU.


The region XIII at a unique housing image in 1990. Other areas complain about housing shortages, still, many houses were vacant, in Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Norte. But, the statistics do not show the poor quality of the units to replace and the current housing stock. At present, Butuan City and Surigao City and other cities have not spared from the housing problem. The squatters purchased by urbanization.


Roads and Bridges

The Caraga region has the first and only cable-stayed bridge on the entire island of Mindanao. In the Surigao-Siargao Bridge in the northern province of Surigao, connecting the mainland with the Siargao Island.

The region connected to the main centre of its neighbourhood via the Maharlika Highway. Which extends from Davao City, Cagayan de Oro, and Surigao. It interconnects these provinces with concrete roads. Except for parts of Surigao del Sur still being completed in areas. The total length of roads in the territory is 7,515,596 km. Their road density in 1995 was 0.3988. The region has 1,325,558 km of national and urban roads and 1,289,774 km of provinces. The total length of municipal roads in the district is 696.46 km.

There are bridges in the region with a total length of 23,775.49 linear meters. Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur have the longest bridge lengths: 9,288,520 linear meters and 7,853.4 linear meters.

Seaports and Airports

As a land entry into the Visayas and Luzon, you can access the territory. Through the base port of the summer port and the Lipata Ferry Terminal in Surigao. Which connects the southern province of Wright. Other terminal harbors are in Surigao del Norte, Siargao, Dapa, San José in the Dinagat Islands. Bislig in Surigao del Sur, Tandag and Nasipit Port in Agusan del Norte. The fast ferry service is available daily for the Surigao-Cebu daily.Private ports can found in different cities and downtowns in the region. Only three of the 42 ports serve.

The district offers commercial flights to and from Manila and Cebu, passing through Butuan. Surigao and Siargao in Surigao del Norte and Tandag Airport in Surigao del Sur. Bislig Airport served before suspending commercial flights. Advice on Agusan del Sur and Dinagat airports is being studied if they are available for commercial operations. There are six other private airports in the district, including PHILNICO Airport in Nonoc island in Surigao. The port and airport are compatible with the road network connecting the provinces inside and outside region XIII.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

Photo by Matt Herradura Photography

Caraga Region XIII Mindanao Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

Caraga, known as the Karaga Region or the Caraga region XIII, designated as District XIII. An administrative region of the Philippines that occupies the northeastern part of Mindanao. The Caraga region established on February 23, 1995, through Republic Act No. 7901. The region includes 5 provinces: Surigao del Norte, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Agusan del Sur, and Dinagat; six cities: Bislig, Bayugan, Butuan, Surigao, Cabadbaran, and Tandag; 67 cities, and 1,311 towns. Butuan is a regional administrative center.

It is said that Caraga originated from Kalaga native words, meaning “the spirit of the soul.” The entire province of Caraga throughout 1622 called a vibrant region an “energetic region”. Another fictional source of the name comes from local legends, comes from the word Cagang. Which forms the beach of Caraga, known as the katang of the local population legend name of the city. Because the first Spanish missionaries who arrived in the early 17th century found many small crabs on the beach.


During the pre-colonial period, the Rajahnate of Butuan ruled the current Agusan del Norte and Butuan City. It has a great influence in Caraga, the northern part of Mindanao and the western part of Bohol. According to records, Butuan conflicts with Ternate Sultanate in Indonesia’s current Moluccas. Ternateans will attack and plunder Butuan and its wealth, but Butuan always has the edge. As everyone knows, Butuan’s Rajahnate has a friendly relationship with Cebu’s Rajahnate, which he considers being an ally. Butuan’s Rajahnate became a powerful Hindu country known for its goldsmiths and shipbuilding. The Butuan people used a huge ship called balangay, which contained countless people. The Philippine National Museum and other international museums unearthed and preserved the remains of these gold crafts and giant ships. Butuan has a cordial relationship with the Champa Kingdom, now the center of Vietnam.

The Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII

The Butuan crossed the Sulu Sea and the South China Sea to trade in Champa. Although Butuan’s Rajahnate is free, the internal Lumads of Caraga are free and have a very advanced democratic society. Their society is known for its understanding of nature, medicine, mythology, and war. Chinese businessmen arrived in Butuan, China – China trade became the focus of the Champa-Butuan relationship. The two countries competed to win a better trade with Chinese businessmen. For the large-scale attack by Ternate, Butuan began to weaken. Cebu couldn’t help at the time because he attacked by Ternate. Kedatuan of Bohol Dapitan, “Venice of the Visayas”, destroyed by the attack of Ternate.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 2 of 2

Calagan, known by the Spaniards as “Karagan”, occupies a region. It comprises the two provinces of Surigao, northeast of Davao and East Misamis. The two provinces of Agusan organized under the administrative jurisdiction of Surigao. It became the independent province of Agusan in 1940 in 1960. Surigao divided into South and North, and June 1967, Agusan did the same. Although Butuan was only a city in Agusan, the logging boom of the 1950s brought commercial interest in the field. On August 2, 1950, according to Republic Law 523, the “Butuan City Charter” approved. 

On February 23, 1995, the Caraga region established by Republican Law No. 7901 during administer President Fidel Ramos. The provinces of North Agusan, South Agusan and North Surigao (from the ancient part of northern Mindanao). South Surigao (from the ancient part of southern Mindanao) annexed as part of the created space.

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Corresponding to reports, in the first few years of the Caraga region, its residents came from the Asian continent. It followed by Malays, Arabs, Chinese, Japanese, Spanish and Americans. Immigrants from Visayas and Luzon settled in the city. Most residents say Cebuano, living in rural areas.

Caraga Region XIII: Geography

The Caraga region XIII, in the northeastern part of Mindanao, stationed between 8 00’ and 10 30’ north latitude. It has a longitude of 125 15’ to 126 30’E. It limits the Bohol Sea in the north; the Davao del Norte province in the south, the Davao Oriental in the Compostela Valley and XI districts; the Bukidnon and Misamis Oriental of X in the west; and the Pacific Ocean in the Philippines to the east.

The total space of ​​the territory 18,846.97 square kilometers. (7,276.86 square miles), accounting for 6.3% of the country’s total capacity. 18.5% of Mindanao 47.6% of the total land of ​​the region belongs to the province of Agusan del Sur. Among the total land space, the forest land section accounts for 71.22%. The total land and total land space account for 28.78%. The mainland used includes forest land, accounting for 31.36% and 23.98% of agriculture and open space.

Caraga Region XIII: Environment And Wildlife

The region has one of the last ecological boundaries of the Philippines. It is home to 12 key biodiversity areas identified by the Haribon Foundation. The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of the Philippines. Key areas of biodiversity include Mt. Redondo and Mt. Kambinliw in the Dinagat Islands. Dinagat, the mouse cloud-tailed family and endangered species. After decades of disappearance, rediscovered, Dina Ghat’s Dinagat Gymnure endangered species. They announced to plan EDGE species of animal learning. London as a world of different species of 100 major evolutionary and endangered species and rare subspecies.

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The Philippine tarsier, a large, darker in the Philippine ordinary larger and dark. The landscape of Siargao Island in Surigao del Norte and the protected sea view, the country’s surfing capital. Consuelo, Carrascal Bay in Surigao del Sur, Mt. Hilong-Hilong, and General Islands in Surigao del Sur. This shared by North Agusan, South Agusan, North Surigao, and Surigao del Sur. It considers one of the most extensive houses of the Philippine Eagles. The Magsaysay in Agusan del Norte, Mount Kaluayan -Mt. Kinabalian, shared by Agusan del Sur and Mindanao del Norte’s Bukidnon province. Surigao del Sur’s Cagwait, Mt. Diwata range, shared by Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur. The focal point of the western Mindanao ecological border. Surigao del Sur’s Hinatuan Bay Known for its fascinating Hintauan River. The Bislig rainforest between Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur. The Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary in Agusan del Sur, part of the UNESCO temporary list.

Caraga Region XIII: Terrain

The zone characterized by mountains, flat and undulating. Their mountains divide the provinces of Agusan and Surigao. While the secondary mountains separate most of the lowlands on the Pacific coast. The most productive agricultural section in the region in the Agusan River Basin. Their famous Agusan Marsh in the middle of Agusan del Sur. Among the lakes in the territory, Lake Mainit is the widest lake. It spans eight cities: Alegría, Mainit, Tubod, and Sison in northern Surigao. And Santiago, Jabonga, Tubay, and Kitcharao in Agusan del Norte.

Caraga Region XIII: The Weather

The Caraga region is a category II climate with no obvious rainy and rainy seasons. Heavy rains often occur in the region between November and February.

Caraga Region XIII: Administrative Division

Includes Caraga 5 provinces, 1 urbanized city, 5 constituent cities, 70 municipalities, and 1,310 towns.

Caraga Region XIII: Demographics

According to the 2015 census, the total population of the region is 2,933,772. The annual growth rate during this period was higher than 20%. Among the five provinces, Agusan del Sur has the greatest population of 700,653. The Dinagat Islands has the lowest population of 127,152.

The total urban population of Butuan and Surigao is 337,063 and 154,137. From 2010 to 2015, the annual growth rate of Butuan City was 1.62%.

Caraga Region XIII: Languages

33.79% of the families in the territory say Cebuano. 33.21% of households use Surigaonon, followed by Butuanon 15%; Kamayo is 7.06% and Manobo is 4.73%. The rest said Boholanon, 5.87%; Hiligaynon, 2.87%; and 7.20% of other dialects.

Caraga Region XIII: Religion

The main religion in the region is Roman Catholicism, which accounts for 74% of the total population of Caraga family. Other major religious minorities include Protestants, who make up 20% of the total population of the family. Aglipayan, which accounts for 6% of the total family size.

Caraga Region XIII: Cultural Group

Majority of the inhabitants of the region are the Visayas heritage. The region is home to several national groups. In 1995, there were 675,722 people, accounting for 34.7% of the population of the region. The largest is Manobos, which accounts for 294,284 or 43.55% of the total minority population. Other cultural groups with a large population in the region are Kamayo, Banwaon, Higa-Onon, Kalagan, Umayamnon, and Mamanwa.

Most members of these cultural groups live in the province of Agusan del Sur.

Caraga Region XIII: Poverty Index

The poor people in the region decreased by 1.7%, from 44.7% in 1997 to 42.9% in 2000. Another positive development is the increase in regional annual household income based on the 1997 Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Compared with 2000, R $ increased by 13.65%. In 1997 it was $71,7126.00 and in 2000 it was $81,519.00. Regional annual household expenditures increased by 16.65%, from $61,815.00 in 1997 to $72,108.00 in 2000. The average annual savings reduced by 5% from ₱9,911.00 to 941 9411.00. Data on occur poverty in 2003 have not yet published.

From the perspective of Mindanao and the entire Mindanao, Caraga region one of the poorest regions in the country. From 1997 to 2000, the region the fourth highest incidence of household poverty in every part of the country. While in the Mindanao region, Caraga had the third highest incidence of poverty (in terms of incidence of the family).

Caraga Region XIII: Regional Economy

From 2001 to 2003, the Caraga region maintained its consistent performance in other parts of Mindanao. Caraga’s growth rate was 0.9%, while the growth rate in the 12th district was 9.5%. The growth rate of the Muslim Autonomous Region (ARMM) in Mindanao was 2.6%. The growth rate of Caraga in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 the same (0.9%). This far less than population growth. But, this performance is better than the economic performance of the region during 2000-2001. The region’s economy has declined by 1.4%.

Contribute the region to Mindanao’s national products was 7.58% in 2003. Caraga has the second lowest capital income in Mindanao and across the country. In 2003, the region accounted for 1.35% of the country’s gross national product.

Caraga Region XIII: Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP)

The region performed well in regional production. It contributes 8.01% to the GRDP in Mindanao in 1998, 8.25% in 1999 and 8.29% in 2000. The region contributed 1.44% to the Philippine economy in 1998, 1.48% in 1999 and 1.50% in 2000. In terms of growth rates, the region sped up from 1998 to 2000 and surpassed other parts of Mindanao. Except for the southern Mindanao region, which increased by 6.06% between 1999 and 2000. The Karaga region grew by 5.42% over the same period.

GRDP in 2000 was 1,433.6 billion pesos, compared with 135,59 billion pesos in 1999. The region’s economy slowed from 6.03% in 1999 to 5.42% in 2000. The slowdown in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry (AFF) sectors and services. It’s best performance of the industrial district, from 5.69% in 1999 to 6.69% in 2000. It eased the impact of a slowdown in the region.

With a 1.4% reduction in GRDP in 2000-2001, GRDP resumed in 2001-2002. With a growth rate of 0.9%. The positive trend continued in 2002-2003, with GRDP in the region increasing by 0.9%, the same as the earlier year.

The Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry Zone (AFF) the main economic district in Caraga. With growth trends of 3.8% and 6.8% in 2001 and 2003,. Although the growth trend of the agricultural and fisheries sub-sectors is declining. The much growth rate of the forestry sub-segment far offsets this downward trend. The forestry subsector increased by 36.3% in 2003, the highest growth rate for any sub-segment in the region. Important to remember the Caraga region has the highest GVA in the forest sub-sectors in every region of the Philippines.

The service industry is one highlight of the region’s economy. After experiencing a slowdown in growth in 2002 and a growth rate of 6.1% in the earlier year. The industry recovered in 2003 with a growth rate of 5.6%. In addition, the commercial sub-segment still a major sub-region. With growth rates of 5.6%, 6.6% and 6.3% from 2001 to 2003. Sub-sectors achieved positive growth in both 2001 and 2003. Transportation, communications and storage sub-zone has the highest growth rate in a service industry sub-district, at 8.4%.

The industrial division was the worst performing division in the regional economy and continued to decline from 2001 to 2003. Although the decline in the zone slowed in 2002. (a -6.7% in 2002, -13.3% in 2001), it was -12.1% in 2003. Construction sub-division fell by 16.6%, 11.3% and 33.5% in 2001 and 2002. The mining sub-part recorded a negative growth rate, but the downward trend of the sub-region slowed. The manufacturing industry made up reduce the two sub-sectors. Which increased by 8.9% in 2003, making it the largest contributor to the zone. Even though the mine and quarry segment performed low, Caraga was the second largest metal mining company. In 2001, metal mine production reached 1.25 billion Philippine pesos (Philippines Yearbook, 2003).

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 2 of 2

Photo by Matt Herradura Photography

Mindanao Regions Soccsksargen Region XII

The Philippines Best Cities, Places In SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII

SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII, Soccsksargen (pronounced, soksardʒɛn), known as Cotabato or Kota Bato. An administrative region of the Philippines in the south-central part of Mindanao. Designated as zone XII. Those name an acronym for the four provinces and one city in the region. (Cotabato del Sur, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani, and General Santos). It was once known as the Central Mindanao Island. The regional centre is in Koronadal, in the province of Cotabato del Sur. A commercial and industrial centre is General Santos, the most populous city in the region.


The northern part of the region is Mindanao del Norte. Its eastern part is the Davao section, and the southwest is the Celebes Sea. The zone has maritime borders with Gorontalo and Sulawesi in northern Indonesia. It bases the province of Maguindanao in Cotabato, between the provinces of Cotabato del Norte and Sultan Kudarat.

It has vast coastlines, valleys, and mountains. Recognized for its river scheme and the watershed of Mindanao, in the Cotabato Basin, a comprehensive depression on three sides. The Rio Grande River, the longest river in Mindanao, extended in the basin, the second longest river in the Philippines. The river flow Illana Bay in Morro Bay, west of Cotabato.

In the southern part of the basin is the Tiruray Heights. A medium-altitude mountain range that blocks the basins on the southern coast. In the southeastern part of the Sarangani Bay.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines


The oldest civilization in the territory in Maitum, Sarangani, where anthropomorphic pottery discovered. These jars have declared a national cultural treasure and protected by the laws of the Philippines and international law.

Central Mindanao

The city is once known as the Central Mindanao Island. Before setting up the Mindanao Muslim (ARMM) Autonomous Region, it included the following provinces:


With the setup ARMM, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao (excluding Cotabato) removed from the city. This leaves Lanao del Norte, Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat, Iligan, Cotabato, and Marawi as provinces and constituent municipalities. Iligan and Lanao del Norte assigned to Northern Mindanao, while Marawi converted part of ARMM.


September 2001, President Arroyo signed Executive Order No. 36 to South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos (known as SocSarGen District). The Regional Section moved from South Mindanao to Zone XII and renamed the region from Central Mindanao to SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII.

Koronadal City, New Regional Center

According to Executive Order No. 304, signed by the then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The city of Koronadal appointed as the regional political and socio-economic center SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII March 30, 2004. The Zero-Day Regional Office instructed working with the office that will move from Cotabato. City, the former regional center of the city.

Departure from Cotabato City

Boycotts included in the efforts of the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao. Although as the government center of ARMM, the referendum created the autonomous region of Bangsamoro. On January 21, 2019, caused a legal surprise to approve the organic Bangsamoro. This means that the city of Cotabato, now becoming the capital of the region. The current ARMM institutions should keep by the regional government of Bangsamoro and now send to the SOCCSKSARGEN region XII.

Administrative Division

Soccsksargen comprises 4 provinces, 1 urbanized city, 3 constituent cities, 45 municipalities, and 1,195 towns.


Part Cities

  • Kidapawan – The only city in Cotabato
  • Koronadal – Regional Political Center of Soccsksargen region xii
  • Tacurong – the only city in Sultan Kudarat

Very Urbanized City

General Santos – an urbanized city that is the center of the SOCCSKSARGEN region xii metropolitan and regional trade and industrial center.

Photo by Constantine Agustin

Davao Region XI Mindanao Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Davao Region XI

The Davao region XI, known as Mindanao del Sur (Cebuano: Habagatang Mindanao). An administrative section of ​​the Philippines designated as District XI. It’s in the southeastern part of Mindanao and comprises five provinces. The Davao del Norte, Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental, Davao Occidental, and Davao del Sur, which built provinces.

The place surrounded by Davao Bay and its regional centre is Davao City. Davao is the Spanish pronunciation of dada-dada, and the word “fire” bagobo (translatie Cebuano is kalayo).

Many historians believe that the name Davao is a mixture of three names from three different tribes. The first settlers in the region, built for the Davao River. Manobos is an aboriginal tribe that calls the Davao River Davao. Another tribe, Bagobos, called the river Davohaha, meaning “fire”. Another tribe, the Guiangan tribe, called the Duhwow River.


The history of the city dates back to the times when several tribes occupied the territory. They believe it that manobos, mandayas, kalagans, mansakas, and bagobos occupied the city. These tribes created small settlements and communities that became Mindanao.

Europeans First Contacted The State

The Davao Bay section first country to reach out to Europeans because these contacts took place in the sixteenth century. The Portuguese individuals before the Spaniards who colonists in the territory. Although they were observing and visiting the region. In 1512, Francisco Serrano suffered a shipwreck in the shallow waters of Cabo de San Agustín and the coral reefs. Now in the eastern province of Davao. In 1538, the Portuguese captain Francisco de Castro blown by strong winds to the southeast coast of Mindanao. He baptized several responsible persons in the city.

Around January 1546, the Jesuit pastor Francisco Javier left Malacca and went to the Moluccas, later known as Spice Islands. Where the Portuguese settled and preached the Gospel to the residents of Amboyna for a year and a half. Ternate, Baranura and other smaller islands. It has claimed that during this expedition he landed in Mindanao. Which confirmed by writers of the 17th century and the sacred bulls released in 1623. Others say he is a missionary. The gospel of Mindanao.

Davao Region XI: Spanish Government

For centuries, these tribes lived in relative calm until the Spaniards arrived in the region in 1847. Under the leadership of the adventurous Spanish businessman Don José Oyanguren. The head of Kalagan Moro in Da Lat Bago took control of the territory. Today is the city of Davao. Don Oyanguren tried to conquer the territory ruled by Datu Bago; although it failed, Moor cacique evacuated his people and lived in the city near Mount Apo. This was the city of Davao, which called the Nueva Vergara by the Spanish and founded in 1848.

Don Oyanguren tried to develop the field. Although the Spaniards took the upper hand in controlling the ports in the region. Davo’s population grew until the 1890 Christian missionaries arrived in the city.

Davao Region XI: American Government

Spain, 1898 – After the American War, Spain’s rule over in the region. The Americans then landed in the city and later developed communications and transportation systems. During this period, ownership of private farms in the territory increased. Japanese entrepreneurs Kyosaburo Ohta and Yoshizo Furukawa are looking for better agricultural land in the zone. To build abaca and coconut plantations and start Japanese immigrants. Davao Port completed in 1900 and became the first international port in the Philippines.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

From 1903 to 1914, the region was the former Moro province of Mindanao. After 1914, a US colonial institution called Sulu, and Mindanao. Which included the entire Mindanao island replaced the province, except for Lanao. The operation lasted from 1914 to 1920.

Davao Region XI: Japanese Occupation During The War

In 1942, on Second World War, when Japan occupied the Philippines. The territory was one of the first Philippine regions occupied by Japan. Davao’s Japanese immigrants served as the fifth column, welcoming the Japanese aggressors during the Second World War. These Japanese hated by Moros Muslims, and the Chinese dislike them. They rated the Moros as capable of dealing with the fifth columnist and the Japanese aggressor.

When the Moros landed in Davao, Mindanao, they had to fight the Japanese aggressors. Japan returned to their boat to sleep at night as a Moros attack terrified and scared. Even the Moro outnumbered by the Japanese. The battle of the longest ally of the Allied liberation, the battle of Davao, after the war in 1945. The region he returns to the hands of the Americans for at least a year before the Philippines became independent. On July 4, 1946, who lived in ​​Japan now included in the Philippine population.

Philippine Government

Davao Province
Main: Davao (former province)

Even before independent of the Philippines in 1946, the entire region a province called Davao, with Davao as the capital. The province one of the largest provinces in the Philippines covering a range over 20,000 square kilometers (7,700 square miles). It began in 1920-1967 when the province divided into three provinces in May 1967. Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, and Davao del Norte. After the split, Davao City named the Regional Center.

Mindanao and Davao del Sur

District XI, then known as South Mindanao, covered six provinces. (Davao del Norte, Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Sarangani, and South Cotabato). Davao, Digos, Panabo, Tagum, Samal, General and other cities in Santos. And Koronadal. Surrey Gould Sur moved to the new Caraga region on February 23, 1995.

The Executive Order No. 36 promulgated in September 2001 to reorganize the region of ​​Mindanao. District XI, then known as South Mindanao, renamed Davao, Cotabato del Sur, and Sarangani provinces. Cities such as General Santos and Koronadal moved to XII.

Davao Region XI: The Weather

The territory distributed throughout the year. It is outside the typhoon belt.

Administrative Division:

The Davao region divided into 5 provinces, 1 urbanized city, 5 constituent cities, 43 municipalities, and 1,162 towns.

Davao Region XI: Demographics

The Davao region XI is the most populated territory of Mindanao and is the seventh most crowded community in the land. More or less 4,893,318 residents in Davao City, the capital of the autonomous region in 2015. The largest city in Mindanao, with the capacity of ​​2,444 square kilometers. The biggest, one of the biggest in the earth. It has 1,632,991 inhabitants in 2015, making it the fourth most populous country. The most populous city in the whole Visayas, Mindanao region. Davao modern city, the region’s main section of ​​industrial and urban development, the most populous island. Third most populous country, with 22,749,13 inhabitants this year.

Most residents of the city speak the Cebuano language. English used in schools, businesses, businesses, and industry. The well-known indigenous groups in the territory speak their own language. Chinese setlers are ubiquitous in the region and have a large population in Davao City. Chinatown Davao 1 of the 2 Chinese communities defined by the Philippines (Binondo is another). View a few Japanese people in the city, most of which based in Davao City. Earlier the Second World War, Davao inhabited by Japanese immigrants. Davao City promoted to the small Tokyo of the Philippines in its history.

Davao Region XI: Religion

Most of the population in the zone is Christian, Catholic; but, Muslims, Buddhists, and Shintoists in the field.

Davao Region XI: Economic

Although the region’s economy dominated by agriculture, now the center of agribusiness, trade, and tourism. Its competitive gain lies in the agricultural industry. Because its products, papaya, mango, bananas, pineapples, fresh asparagus, flowers, and fish products exported. The region can be an important portion of the Mindanao, Brunei Darussalam and parts of Indonesia, and Malaysia. More and more call centers in the region, in Davao City.

The year 1996, the industry’s growth rate was 8.1%, showing a gradual shift to industrialization. Other economic activities include mining, fisheries, forestry, and agriculture. The developing region as the main commercial and industrial centre of Mindanao. They orient many of its workers towards urban services, such as setting up small businesses and commercial industries. Prosperous urban areas such as Davao, Tagum, and Digos. Private and foreign investors and entrepreneurs have built huge commercial centers in the region which boosted their business growth rates.

The region involved in online businesses such as outsourcing.

Davao Region XI: Port and Airport

The main ports in the city are Sasa’s international harbour in Sta. Ana ,and Sasa Pier in the Chinatown district of Davao. The port of Panabo in Davao del Norte, and Mati Seaport in Davao East. They base the first two in Davao Port, Davao City, and can handle international and international shipments. Sasa’s international container port is in Davao Port and is the busiest port in Mindanao.

Davao International Airport, Davao International Airport, is the largest and most developed airport in Mindanao. It has the second longest runway on the island and is the third busiest runway in the country. Second only to Ninoy Aquino International Airport and Mike. Tan – Cebu International Airport. The only airport on the island serving international destinations. It can handle domestic and international flights. They offer several flights to Manila, Bacolod, Cebu, Iloilo, Zamboanga and other important cities in the Philippines. Domestic flights, and international flights to Singapore and Hong Kong. Hong Kong. Its ATC tower is the most advanced tower in the country.

Land, air, and sea can reach the territory. The zone has ample communication facilities, reliable electricity and ample water supply.

The month of December 2016, President Duterte helped sign contracts with Chinese investors. To set up a new port in the Cape Verde section of ​​Davao. Involved creating three artificial islands by the Chinese company group, including CCCC Dredging Group Co. Ltd, valued at $200 million.

Davao Region XI: Education

The government provides free education in primary schools (primary schools) and secondary schools (secondary schools). State universities in the region are the University of Mindanao in the Philippines and the Southeast University in the Philippines. The country’s literacy rate is 93.9%; Davao’s literacy rate is 98.05%.

Photo by Constantine Agustin

Mindanao Northern Mindanao Region X Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Northern Mindanao Region X

Northern Mindanao Region X (Cebuano: Amihanang Mindanao, Tagalog: Hilagang Mindanao) is the administrative region of the Philippines, appointed as District X. It comprises 5 provinces: Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Oriental, and Misamis Occidental. Two cities classified as urbanized, of which occupy the central and northern parts of Mindanao and the Camiguin island province. The regional center was Cagayan de Oro. Lanao del Norte transferred from the XII district (then known as Mainland Island). To Northern Mindanao in September 2001 under Executive Order 36.


The current name for the place comes from its location on the island of Mindanao. For the failure of the Philippine revolutionaries. The word created by the Americans after set up the American colonial government in the Philippines. It has suggested changing the name of the northern Mindanao region. Dominated by the Cebuano ethnic group in the Mindanao region. Amihanan means the “northern region” of the Cebuano language, the lingua franca of the region. Another proposed name is Calaminon, which combine provincial names in the region.

Northern Mindanao Region X

The current name for the place comes from its location on the island of Mindanao. For the failure of the Philippine revolutionaries. The word created by the Americans after set up the American colonial government in the Philippines. It has suggested changing the name of the northern Mindanao region. Dominated by the Cebuano ethnic group in the Mindanao region. Amihanan means the “northern region” of the Cebuano language, the lingua franca of the region. Another proposed name is Calaminon, which combine provincial names in the region.


The total capacity of ​​Mindanao del Norte is 2,049,602 hectares (5,064,680 acres). More than 60% of the total space of ​​Northern Mindanao classified as forest land. Its ocean filled with fish and other seafood.

The Weather

The climate in Mindanao del Norte dispersed throughout the year. Its rich vegetation, natural spring water, and high altitude contribute to the fresh, gentle and inspiring climate of the city.


According to the 2015 census of the Philippine Bureau of Statistics. Mindanao del Norte is the eighth most populous region in the Philippines. The second largest region in Mindanao (after the Davao region). The most important urban zone in the X district is the Cagayan Metro Gold. These include Cagayan de Oro and cities and cities of Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

The vast majority of residents in the city come from immigrants in Cebu and Bohol. Other residents are Hiligaynon, Waray, Zamboangueño, Tausug, and Maranao, while local Bukidnon and Manobos live in the interior highlands.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Davao Region XI

The dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, which accounts for 72% of the population. While Protestants make up an important minority of the population of 14%. The largest non-Christian religion is Islam, which accounts for 8% of the population.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX


The economy of northern Mindanao is the largest regional economy on Mindanao. [8] The economy of Northern Mindanao agriculture. But growth in these industries is growing, in Cagayan de Oro and Iligan. The famous Del Monte Philippines is in the province of Bukidnon and its processing plant, in Cagayan de Oro. Sent to the entire region of the Philippines and the Asia Pacific. Agus-IV to VII hydroelectric power station in Iligan and the Balo-i in Lanao del Norte. Give most of the electricity in Mindanao.

Administrative Division

The region comprises five provinces: Bukidnon, the island Province of Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, and Misamis Oriental. It has two urbanized cities, Cagayan de Oro and Iligan, which managed of any province. These provinces divided into seven constituent cities and 84 cities with 2,022 towns.

The Provincial Center is Cagayan de Oro.
Component Cities


  • Malaybalay
  • Valencia

Misamis Occidental

  • Oroquieta
  • Ozamiz
  • Tangub

Misamis Oriental

  • El Salvador
  • Gingoog


Photo by justDONQUE.images

Mindanao Regions Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX

Chavacano: Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX, Cebuano: Lawis as Zamboanga is a managerial section of ​​the Philippines selected as District IX. The range includes 3 provinces (Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Norte, and Zamboanga del Sur). Two cities (Ciudad de Isabela and Ciudad de Zamboanga, the first being member of the Basilan province.

The second being a developed city). The district is known as West Mindanao before issuing Executive Order No. 36 on September 19, 2001. Zamboanga City designated as a provincial center till Pagadian City named as its current local center. Although Zamboanga City continues a cultural, commercial and educative center.


The city peninsula with the same name as Zamboanga on the island of Mindanao. Between Moro Bay (part of the Celebes Sea) and the Sulu Sea. Many bays and islands of different sizes along the shores of the peninsula. The peninsula connected to the rest of Mindanao by the isthmus between Panguil Bay and Pagadian Bay. Their territory comprises three provinces in Zamboanga and the urbanized independent city of Zamboanga. The border between the peninsula and the mainland marked by the border. Between the southern part of Zamboanga and the northern part of the north.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX – HISTORY

The Oldest Civilization 

In ancient times, the Zamboanga Peninsula remained a huge field with several ethnic organizations, the biggest of which was Asian. Later, the coastal areas of the southern part of the region affected by the Java Majapahit Empire. Although the Empire never conquered the territory.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX – Maguindanao Sultanate

In the fourteenth century, the Sultanate of Sulu ruled the southwestern part of the peninsula. In the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, Malaysian missionaries spread Islam in the southern Philippines. Kabungsuwan Sharif, born in Malay and Arab missionaries in Johor, established the Sultanate of Maguindanao Province. Which gave its name throughout Mindanao. The Sultanate occupies the entire island. Besides the regions of Caraga and Davao. The Davao City on the Zamboanga Peninsula extends the current region of the eastern region. While the Sultan of Sulu loses its territory in Zamboanga. 

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

The Sultan of Maguindanao provided fierce armed resistance against Spanish occupation for Mindanao, under the leadership of Muhammad Kudarat. Soon, they formed to unite the Sultan of Sulu. Muslim Aboriginal people in the neighborhood referred to as the Spanish Moros, meaning “Moorish”. Although Iberian Moore and Filipino Muslims aren’t under other small cultural connections in Islam. Spain – Most of the Moorish conflict, the war between the Spanish conquistadors. The indigenous Muslims in Mindanao took place on the Zamboanga Peninsula.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX Spanish Rule

In 1569, Zamboanga was chosen as the garrison of the Spanish settlement and La Caldera (now known as Barrio Recodo). Zamboanga is one of the main bastions of Mindanao. They support colonial activities in the southern part of the island and paving the way for Christian settlements. A military boundary that protects islands from foreign intruders and Moro bandits and their Chinese associates.

The Zamboanga Peninsula played a central role in the Spanish-Moorish conflict. This is the place where Spanish soldiers and the pirate invasion of Moro continue to struggle. Although Spanish settlers built churches in the territory. They suffered from the Moorish attackers and had to evacuate from the place many times. Although the Spaniards achieved tactical victories, they attacked the Sultanate of Sulu. But the fighting and continued attacks still existed, which gave the Moors a psychological victory.

Zamboanga Province

After the United States took over the Spanish East Indies in 1898. The peninsula established a short-lived independent state called the Republic of Zamboanga. The island government of Moro, which comprises the Midwest of the island of Mindanao and the Sulu Islands established it. On August 16, 1916, the name and state of Moro changed to Mindanao and Sulu, making Zamboanga an independent province.

In 1942, the Japanese Empire occupied the Zamboanga Peninsula, along with other Philippine islands in the early days of the Second World War. They liberated the peninsula in 1945 by a joint force of the United States and the Philippine Federation. Which engaged in against the Japanese Imperial Army.

On June 6, 1952, it divided the province into northern Zamboanga and southern Zamboanga. They allowed Zamboanga City became an independent provincial unit.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX

Together with the Sulu Islands, the provinces that formed Zamboanga Province reorganized in the ninth district. In the order of Presidential Decree No. 1. As part of the comprehensive restructuring plan for President Ferdinand Marcos signed on September 24, 1972.

From 1975 to 1989, the original ninth district (West Mindanao) divided into two divisions. According to Presidential Decree No. 8233 of August 21, 1975. Sub-region IX-A comprises Brasil, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi and Jolo. Sulu is the sub-regional centre. While the IX-B division comprises the provinces of Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay. It allowed Zamboanga City as the sub-regional centre.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IXToday

In 2001, the province of Zamboanga del Sur. Where Ipil is the seat of the government and has the law No. 8973 of the Republic found Zamboanga Sibugay.

In the same year, residents of Brasilia joined the referendum of the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao (ARMM). Citizens of the capital Isabella do not want to join. So Executive Order 36 will make the city a part of the region.

In 2004, Pagadian became the regional center of the ninth district of Zamboanga Peninsula. Despite opposing the former regional center Zamboanga City.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IXRegional Centre Problem

President Corazon Aquino issued the Executive Order (EO) in 1990 and he responsible restructure of the administrative region of ​​Mindanao. He claims that West Mindanao will include Zamboanga City, Lanao del Norte. The Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, Basilan and the cities that make up these provinces. He said that the city of Pagadian will become a new regional center.

But, President Fidel Ramos issued the EO 325 in 1996 to reorganize the Regional Development Board (RDC). The EO 325 Code of Practice and Implementation Regulations (IRR) announces that Pagadian is the regional center of West Mindanao.

In 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed the OE 36 and reorganized it. It renamed to the West Mindanao to the Zamboanga Peninsula. Stay silent on regional government centers. Circular No. 75, signed by Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita in 2004. They directed the transfer of the regional office from Zamboanga to Pagadian with EO 429 as its legal basis.

On December 22, 2010, the suspension notified in the Memorandum No. 11. Because they transferred the high economic and social costs experienced by employees in maintaining two homes to Pagadian. In addition, he directed that entire regional offices in Pagadian continue to work.

On March 3, 2011, the Regional Development Committee IX approved Zamboanga as the regional center of the Zamboanga Peninsula.

But, despite the support of the regional center back to Zamboanga. The Director of the National Economic and Development Agency, Arturo Valero. It considered if the City isn’t a local center the capital may survive to rise. The zone should better Concentrate on being an economic and technical center.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX Administrative Division

The Zamboanga Peninsula comprises 3 provinces, 1 independent city, leased and urbanized. One rented autonomous city, 3 constituent cities, 67 municipalities and 1,904 towns.

Isabela a constituent city and the former capital of Brasserie. Since 2017, the Brazilian government has moved to Lamitan. It still governed by Brasilia and used to manage provincial services and functions. For regional service management, part of the city’s Zamboanga Peninsula section. The rest of the island of Brasil is under the autonomous region of Mindanao under Muslim power.

Isabella an outpost to the south of Spanish in the Philippines. The earlier fall of the island of Jolo in 1878. Since 1637 Catholics received residents and Spanish forts since 1848 (destroyed in the Second World War). The main base of the Spaniards Navy. In Mindanao, until 1899, named Queen Elizabeth II. The southernmost Philippine Christian-based enclave of the city. Serves as an entry point for the trade and commerce of the island of Basilan.

Dapitan is known as the “Philippine Refuge” because it exiled the national hero Jose Rizal. [Need to cited] It is known as the ancient parish of St. James and the seaside resort of Dakak.

Dipolog, the capital of Zamboanga, Germany, known for its orchids. acknowledged as the “City of Southern Orchids” or “City of Orchids” for its rich Dipolog wild orchids. They have natural places and historic places such as Dipolog Cathedral. Dipolog Avenue, Cogon Park, Japanese Park, Magsaysay Park, Sungkilaw Falls, and Linabo Peak 3000 steps.

Pagadian is known as the “Little Hong Kong in the South” because its topographical features are reminiscent of Hong Kong. It has a wealthy Chinese communal that celebrates the Chinese Lunar New Year.

Zamboanga City is the only city in the region that is autonomous, authoritative and urbanized. The city is the only member of BIMP-EAGA on the Zamboanga Peninsula. Zamboanga City accounts for more than half of the region’s economy. It has the largest airport and seaport and the city with the most investors in the region.


Photo by mark navales

Eastern Visayas Region VIII Regions Visayas

Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Eastern Visayas Region VIII

The Eastern Visayas Region VIII (Tagalog: Silangang Kabisayaan) an administrative zone of ​​the Philippines assigned as District VIII. It comprises 3 main islands, Samar, Leyte, and Biliran. The region has six provinces, an independent city, and an urbanized city. It comprises Samar del Norte, Biliran, Leyte, Samar del Este, Samar, Tacloban, Leyte del Sur, and Ormoc. The urbanized city of Tacloban is the only regional center. These provinces and cities occupy the most eastern islands of the Visayas.

To the east of the Eastern Visayas region VIII is the Philippine Sea. The region is known for its famous landmark San Juanico Bridge. Recognized, as the longest bridge in the country. As of 2015, the Mischa de Este region has 4,440,150 inhabitants, making it the third largest population in the Visayas.

The current name for the territory comes from its location in the Visayas district. The name created by American colonialists after the island of the Philippines defeated by the Americans and seized the island. It has suggested changing the name of the current East Visayas region. Dominated by Waray ethnic group in the east and Cebuano ethnic group in the west in Mairete-Iberein region. It recognizes as the territory of Iberein and Ete.

According to documents documented by the Spanish. Ete was the first documented former colonial ruler in the Kingdom of Leyte. Iberein was the first literary former colonial ruler in the Kingdom of Samar. Ete, his kingdom concentrated in today’s Tacloban, may have Waray and Cebuano bloodlines. Iberein, his kingdom concentrated somewhere north of Samar, may have Waray blood.

The Eastern Visayas Region VIII in the central and eastern parts of the Philippine Islands. It comprises three main islands, Leyte, Biliran, and Samar, which form the most eastern coast of the archipelago. It limits the oceans of the north and east to the Philippines. The San Bernardino Strait separates the Samar southeast of Luzón. West is the ocean of Camotes and Visayan. The south is the Bohol Sea, and the Surigao Strait separates Leyte from the northwestern part of Mindanao. The total Space 2,156,285 hectares (5,328,300 acres), accounting for 7.2% of the country’s total territory. 52% of its total land space classified as forest land, and 48% classified as alienable land and disposable land.


According to the corona classification scheme, two kinds of climate in this region: category II and category IV. The category II climate characterized by no dry season, but a significant rainfall from November to January. Samar and the eastern part of the island of Leyte belong to this climate. The annual rainfall of category IV dispersed, and it can see a short dry season from February to May. It exposes this climate to the western half of Leyte Island and part of Samar. It covers Motiong in the northern part of Samar until San Isidro.

READ: The Visayas Philippines

In November 2013, it hit the region hard by the death toll of the typhoon Haiyan. The second most deadly typhoon that the typhoon assaulted the Philippines. Typhoons hit the region and the Bicol section the most vulnerable to typhoons in the Philippines.


The marine and inland waters of the territory are rich in salt and freshwater fish and other seafood. It is one of the country’s fish export regions. There are important forest reserves within the island. Its deposits constitute uranium (Sama), chromite, gold, manganese, silver, magnesium, nickel, clay, bronze, coal, pyrite, limestone, and gravel. It has abundant geothermal energy and water resources to meet the needs of medium and heavy industries.


Visayas del Este is an agricultural section where rice, corn, coconut, sugar cane, and bananas are the main crops.

The main sources of income are manufacturing, wholesale and retail and services. Mining, agriculture, fisheries, and tourism contribute much to the economy. The manufacturing companies include mining companies, fertilizer plants, sugar mills, rice and corn plants, and other food processing plants. Tacloban is the investment, trade and development center of the Eastern Visayas Region VIII.

Other industries include extract coconut oil, the distillation of alcohol, produce beverages and forest products. Domestic industries include woven hats and baskets, metal crafts, sewing, pottery, pottery, woodwork, shell crafts, and bamboo crafts.


The Eastern Visayas Region VIII has several state universities, including the famous Visayas Tacloban College. The region home to the University of the Eastern Philippines (UEP), in Catarman in North Samal. Where universities have the most bachelors and postgraduate programs.

The Visa Agricultural Division of Agriculture under the Visa National Agricultural Education Policy. Visa State University (VSU) in the city, in Baybay. In addition, the zone home to Palo Polytechnic, a maritime school in the Philippines that provides cover and cadet engines. It places its main campuses in Palompon, Leyte.

East Messiah State University is Leyte State University with five expansion campuses. South Wright State University has five extended campuses and is the only state university in South Leyte. In Villar, Naval State University is the state’s state university. For Samar Oriental, Samar del Este State University the only state university in the province with four extended campuses. While Samar State University is Samar State University with two expansion campuses. Northwestern Samar State University is the first district in the province of Samar. For teacher training, Wright Normal University specializes in educational programs.


Lantransportsrt the islands of Leyte and Samar in the region as the main connecting point between Luzon and Mindanao. Nine airports in different regions of the six provinces that define the region. Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport in Tacloban is the main air gateway to the city. Tacloban, Baybay, Catbalogan, Calbayog, Borongan, Allen, Ormoc, Bato, Hilongos, Maasin, Sogod, and Naval have seaports.


The Eastern Visayas Region VIII is the country’s main producer of geothermal energy. Wright has the largest geothermal power plant in the Philippines. Geothermal exploration is still underway in the nearby province of Biliran. With the abundance of river systems, the region has the potential for hydropower production. It declared San Juanico Strait between the islands of Leyte and Samar a potential source of water and tidal energy.



Tinikling, the national dance of the Philippines is a popular dance popular in the region. but, the most popular cultural dance of Warays is Kuratsa, dancing during the celebration party and a special session. Leyte Kalipayan Dance Company is a local cultural group that has achieved very successful performances around the world.


Waray people are music lovers, their folk music the form of folk songs. Where Dandansoy is famous and Iroy nga Tuna (Homeland) a patriotic song.

Kalanggaman Island, Palompon, LEYTE

by debbietingzon

Central Visayas Region VII Regions Visayas

Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Central Visayas Region VII

The Central Visayas region VII (Tagalog: Gitnang Kabisayaan) a province of ​​the Philippines that designated as District VII. It comprises four provinces (Cebu, Bohol, Negros Oriental, and Siquijor) and three urbanized cities (Cebu, Lapu Lapu, and Mandawi). The main islands are Cebu, Bohol and Siquijor and the eastern part of Negros. Its regional center in Cebu City. Dominated territory by native speakers of four Visaya languages: Cebuano, Bantayanon, Boholano, and Porohanon. The capacity 15,895.66 square kilometers (6,137.35 square miles) and the resident population is 7,396,898, making it the second most populous section in the Visayas.

On May 29, 2015, they redefined the region. When the Central Visayas (Region Vii) gone the province of Negros Oriental in the established Isla de Negros territory. But, the zone has disbanded and Negros Oriental returned to the Central Visayas on August 9, 2017.

It derives the name of the territory from the central position of the islands within the larger Visayas region. American colonists chose this name. Other suggest changing the name of a current state of ​​Central Visayas, it dominates which by the Cebuano ethnic group. The former name of the zone before the Spanish colonial rule in the 16th century in the Subu territory. The term refers to the ancient kingdom of the region, Rajahnate of Cebu, referred to as Sugbu in local Cebuano.


The region entered September 24, 1972, and 11 districts of Presidential Decree. They organized the provinces in the Philippines as part of President Marcos’s integrated restructuring plan. Cebu, Bohol and Negros Eastern Province (including their then Siquijor province) grouped into the Central Visayas.

READ: The Visayas Philippines

With the Executive Order No. 183 declared by President Benigno Aquino III May 29, 2015. Negros Eastern Province withdrew from the Central Visayas and formed Isla together with Negros West and its provincial capital. De Negros region, Bacolod City. Order No. 183 to form the island of Negros and West Negros and its provincial capital, Bacolod City. But then he restored Negros Oriental and its capital, the city of Dumaguete, and again in the Middle Visayas. On August 9, 2017, when President Rodrigo Dart dissolved the island of Negros. State, abolish administrative order No. 183, S. According to Benjamin Diokno, the Minister of Budget and Management. In 2015, an Executive Order No. 38 signaled the lack of funds to set up a national inventory report.

READ: Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Eastern Visayas Region VIII

The Central Visayas includes two main islands of Cebu and Bohol, and the smaller Siquijor Island and several surrounding islands. It includes the larger eastern half of Negros Island. Cebu Strait and the Tañon Strait are part of the region. The northern part of the region borders the Visa Sea. Negros Occidental province in the west and the Western Visayas. Baohe Sea in the south, and the Camotes and Leyte islands in the east of the Visayas.

READ: The Philippines Best Cities, Places In Western Visayas Region VI

The record 2015 census, the population is 7,396,898. The population density is 700 / km2 (1,800 / sq mi). According to the 2015 census, the average annual population growth rate between 2010 and 2015 was 1.76%. Higher than the national average of 1.72%.

The record 2015 census, the population is 7,396,898. The population density is 700 / km2 (1,800 / sq mi). According to the 2015 census, the average annual population growth rate between 2010 and 2015 was 1.76%. Higher than the national average of 1.72%.

Besides 24 national newspapers, Cebu has 20 local newspapers. The most popular of these is Sun Star Cebu, Cebu Daily News, and The Freeman. The country’s main Islamic news magazine, The Voice of Islam, founded in 1961 and published in the city.


The Fast craft terminal transports passengers from Cebu to Negros.

Cebu Port is the main gateway to the region. In Tagbilaran in Negros, Larena in Siquijor and Sibulan and Dumaguete in Negros Oriental (Dumaguete has a port). Shipping between islands served by several shipping companies, two of fast airlines serving each province in the region.


  • Mactan – Cebu International Airport.
  • Mactan – Cebu International Airport in Lapu Lapu, the second busiest airport in the country. (after Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila) and 3 airports in Mesa, which only offer international flights. One (except for Iloilo International Airport, and Kalibo International Airport), the main aviation center of Cebu Pacific. A secondary center for Philippine Airlines and its subsidiaries, providing flights to every part of the country. International flights to other Asian and intercontinental destinations are available.


Airports in the region are Bohol – Panglao International Airport. Serves Tagbilaran and other Bohol Island, and Sibulan Airport, which serves Dumaguete and other parts of Negros Oriental.

by wuestenigel