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Central Asia

Central Asia

Central Asia is a subregion of Asia, starting from the Caspian Sea in the west. China and Mongolia in the east, Afghanistan and Iran in the south, and Russia in the north. The region includes the former Soviet republics of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It is also called “-Stans” because all the country’s names end with the Persian suffix “-stan”, which means “land”.

Also read: West Asia

Also read: East Asia

In the pre-Islamic and early Islamic times (about 1000 years or earlier), Iranian peoples inhabited Central Asia. With East Iranian-speaking Shuangfeng, Sogdian, Khorasmians, and semi-nomadic Sri Lankan. Kitai and sea people. After expanding the Turkic peoples, Central Asia also became home to Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Tatars, Turkmens, Kyrgyz, and Uyghurs; except in Tajikistan and Tajik-speaking regions, Turkic languages ​​replaced the Iranian language spoken in the region.

Also read: Central Visayas Region 7

Throughout history, Central Asia has been associated with the Silk Road trade routes. And was a crossroads for the flow of people, goods, and ideas between Europe and the Far East.

Central Asia

From the mid-nineteenth century to the end of the twenty century. Central Asia was colonized by the Russians and incorporated into the Russian Empire. Later into the Soviet Union, leading to migrant Russians and other Slavs to the region. Central Asia today is home to many European settlers, most of whom live in Kazakhstan. There are 7 million Russians, 500,000 Ukrainians, and about 170,000 Germans. Stalin-era forced eviction policies also meant that over 300,000 Koreans lived there.

Also read: West Asia

Central Asia (2019) has a population of about 72 million, spread across five countries. Kazakhstan (19 million), Kyrgyzstan (7 million), Tajikistan (10 million), Turkmenistan (6 million), and Uzbekistan (35 million).

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