Ilocos Ilocos Norte

Ilocos Norte, Philippines

Located on the northwestern corner of Luzon. Ilocos Norte has become a holiday destination. With its impressive coastline and beautiful terrain. In this progressive province and historical structure, the impact and integration of old and new are proud of developed regions. Ilocos Norte known for the hometown of Ferdinand Marcos, the oldest president of the Philippines.

Visitors to the northern city attracted to the city of Pagudpod bright white sandy beaches and blue waters. The city’s beaches are the ideal destination for those who want to relax in the sun or try fun activities. Swimming, boating, going from one island to another diving or resting by the sea. Just some of the good things to do on the coast.

But without its famous windmill, the discussion of Ilocos Norte would not be complete. The iconic giant wind turbine at Bangui Wind Farm is the first of its kind in Southeast Asia. They driven by strong winds from the West Sea in the Philippines. In addition to being one of the country’s most unique tourist attractions. It is also an important source of energy for the entire Ilocos region.

Ilocos Norte

The beautiful St. Augustine Paoay Church is perhaps the most visited religious site in the province. Built in 1710, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Declared national cultural treasure by the government. It draws pilgrims from all over the land. Endures one of the most important pieces of Baroque architecture in the Philippines.

By plane

Air transport is the fastest and most efficient way to reach Ilocos Norte, but it is also the most expensive. Cebu Pacific Air and Philippine Airlines provide one-hour flights from Manila Domestic Airport to Laoag Airport. Overland Travelling by bus is longer but cheaper. It takes about 10 to 12 hours to take bus lines like Florida and Patas. For long trips, best to choose a comfortable seat and carry essential items such as food, water, and travel pillows. If you use the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) and the Subic-Clark-Talak Expressway. Driving to Ilocos Norte can reduce the journey from 10-12 hours to 9 hours.

How to navigate jeep

Jeep is the cheapest means of transportation if you want to travel in North Ilocos. Recommended you use a jeep.

On a tricycle

For tourists, tricycles are the most popular way to travel, especially when arriving in remote areas.

What to see

Ilocos Norte is full of beauty and will attract and attract all types of travelers. If you are a history lover, beach wanderer or food lover. Then you will find what you want on the go.


The itinerary should include a Hispanic church in North Ilocos. St. Augustine’s Church in Paoay and St. William’s Cathedral in Laoag both display magnificent buildings and are popular sites for pilgrimage. The Paoay Church built in the Baroque style of the earthquake. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the four Baroque churches in the Philippines. At the same time, the Basilica of San Quermo is also majestic. It built by the Augustinians in 1612. The church is unique in its separate bell tower, the sunken bell tower. Which gradually sinks into the ground as the years go by.

Fort Ilocandia Resort

But without its famous windmill, the discussion of Ilocos Norte would not be complete. The iconic giant wind turbine at Bangui Wind Farm is the first of its kind in Southeast Asia. They driven by strong winds from the West Sea in the Philippines. In addition to being one of the country’s most unique tourist attractions. It is also an important source of energy for the entire Ilocos region.

The beautiful St. Augustine Paoay Church is perhaps the most visited religious site in the province. Built in 1710, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Declared a national cultural treasure by the government. It draws pilgrims from around the country. Continues one of the most important creations of Baroque architecture in the Philippines.

Man-made attractions

The iconic 70-meter windmill in Bangui Wind Farm is a must-see attraction in the city. The wind farm is the first wind farm in Southeast Asia. It has always been an important energy source for the province.

At the same time, Patapat Viaduct is an ideal place to enjoy the beauty of the coast. This is a popular website for taking pictures and sightseeing.

If you want to experience the more adventurous side of Ilocos Norte. You must practice sandboarding on the dunes of La Paz. You can also explore desert adventures with ATVs. Hannah’s Beach Resort in Pagudpud is another place where you can take adrenaline. It has many attractions, such as different attractions and water sports, but its zipper line is one of the highlights. Said to be the longest zipline in the world.

If you want to visit the heritage, there are many historical sights in North Ilocos. One of them is the Cape Boador Lighthouse in Burgos. Built-in the Spanish era, the lighthouse declared a national cultural treasure in 2004. Disturbing and wonderful structure allows lighthousees visited. Besides, you can visit the numerous museums dedicated to Marcos in Ilocos Norte North. Paoay has Malacañangdel Norte, a former holiday home for the Marcos family. Besides, the Marcos Museum in Batak has many memories. The tomb of the late President Ferdinand Marcos connected to the museum. Where you can see his well-preserved body locked in a glass coffin.

Events and festivals

There are many festivals in North Ilocos. The most popular events is the Pamoinawen Festival in Laoag. Which held every February in honor of Saint William the Hermit, the patron saint of the city. It has large parades, street dances, and food and trade shows.

The other the Guling-Guling Festival in Paoay, which held annually before Ash Ash Wednesday. The festival initiated by Spanish monks during colonial period to interact with parishioners. Residents participate in a variety of fun activities, such as dancing, parades, food festivals, and drinking wine or basi.

The party in Batac, also known as the Immaculate Conception, is another event worth considering. Held in December with a strong emphasis on the Empanada Festival to show its indigenous cuisine. You can also look forward to street dance and food festivals at this event.

Where to eat

Fast-food chain

Fast-food chains such as Jollibee and McDonald’s also have branches in North Ilocos.


When you are in North Ilocos, don’t miss the delicacies of Ilocano such as pinakbet, poqui-poqui, and bagnet. In Laoag, the popular restaurants in Ilocano include La Preciosa and Saramsam Ilocano. Where you can order the famous pinakbet pizza.

Like most coastal cities, Pagup’s specialty is seafood. The restaurants at La Cocina de Consuelo and Saud Beach Resort offer a variety of delicious seafood.

In addition to Ilokano and Filipino cuisine. You can also enjoy German cuisine at Bergblick restaurant in Pagudpud, Red 8 Chinese food in Laoag, and American food in Maco’s Diner in Laoag.

Local cuisine

Ilocos Norte also offers delicious pies, which will open up opportunities for the Vigan version. Many roadside stalls offer this delicious Ilocano gift, but for some, the Batrac version is the most delicious.

Where to buy

The shopping center

Robinsons Place Ilocos Norte in San Nicolás is the province’s main business center.


Laoag Market is a one-stop-shop that serves Ilocano and Pasalubong cuisines. You can buy Laoag longganisa, bagnet, garlic and onion sticks, and even basil packages.

Pasalubong area

You will find many souvenirs stands outside tourist attractions, such as the Kapurpurawan rock formations. They sell “Ilocos” items such as key chains, T-shirts and even miniature windmills.

ATMs and clearing houses

You will find multiple banks and ATM branches in Ilocos Norte. There are also money changers, pawnshops, and remittance centers.

Fort Ilocandia Resort Laoag

Ilocos Ilocos Sur Luzon

Vitalis Villas Ilocos Sur

Vitalis Villas in Ilocos Sur will not ignore. This Santorini-inspired hotel has stucco walls, blue fences. Attentive windows that take you to Greece without leaving Greece by looking. The whole place integrated with Greek architecture. Only five or seven hours from Manila. If you are looking for a wonderful and quiet complex to spend a relaxing holiday here. Head north and admire the beauty of Vitalis Villas in San Diego.

Ilocos Sur Santorini Vitalis Villas located on the hills of Santiago Cove. Santiago, Ilocos Sur, not far from you imagine. Santiago is one of the few cities that must experience when entering the province of Ilocos. Then whether you’re traveling by car or heading north. You’ll see the hotel on the way, especially when heading to Vigan or Laoag.

The Greek charm emanating from Vitalis Vilas is timeless. Once you post your photos at the resort, you will ask my friends if you have left the Philippines for Greece. No one doubts you are still in the country, because this luxury hotel looks a lot like Santorini.

Ilocos Sur

Upon reaching the resort, you will attract by the rolling white sand beaches. The 900-meter-long coastline. Located on a cliff near a local fishing village. The hotel reminds you of the simple lifestyle of our ancestors a hundred years ago. The whole place is so big that you need to use a golf cart so you don’t get tired when you wander. But, you can always enter their pool at any time. Bringing your family and friends to this beautiful paradise. It finds an ideal place to enjoy panoramic views of San Diego Bay. The Pacific Ocean would be a great choice. The way the ocean turns into different shades of blue is the kind of easy view you need. When the whole place illuminated, the night becomes more beautiful.

Excellent blue and white accommodation

Vitalis Villas not only enjoy beautiful views in appearance. There is also a beautiful and relaxed atmosphere inside. Vitalis offers your guests customized and unique accommodations. Allow you to experience holidays you never thought possible. A butler assigned to each villa. Once you arrive, they will greet you and assist you if needed during your stay. Its staff is almost 100% from Ilocos, which allows you to experience the hospitality of the locals.

Its elegant and spacious villas covered in white, while Santorini is blue. Vitalis Villas has everything you need, from TV to air conditioning. WiFi connection and the basic elements of the room will meet you. All rooms have a kitchen with kitchenware, a refrigerator, a microwave. Coffee and tea facilities. All you need to bring is utensils and food, and your family vacation is complete. Besides, its room equipped with two sofas in the living area. Which can turn into a sleeping area at night if you travel in groups? Besides these, the latest generation bathrooms are also available. You can also admire the sea view from the villa as all its rooms have a beautiful terrace that opens out to the sea. Accommodation includes breakfast and free use of the pool table. You can also rent a video machine at your place or enjoy its massage and spa services.

Vitalis Villas

Sports and outdoor recreation. Since the hotel is a few steps from the beach. You can enjoy the crystal clear waters and try various water activities. Such as kayaking, water skiing, diving, water skiing, and snorkeling. If you decide to try these activities, Vitalis Villas can provide a new water sports team for you to choose from. If you want to see the view of all Vitalis villas. They have a drawstring facility that starts at the top of the hill and extends to the complex that will pick you up. You will have an incredible view of the entire place.

With enough supervision, your child will also play on the beach, as the waves are usually calm. You can visit the Vitalis Mini Zoo itself and meet Fabio. His miniature Shetland pony, and visit his zebras, camels, and donkeys. After registration, you have the right to enter the zoo for free.

Delicious and delightful dining experience

Vitalis Villas also offers a variety of delicacies through its fisherman boat grill. While admiring the panoramic view of the ocean. You will taste different dishes. Made from meat and seafood from the sea, inspiring your senses. All meals seasoned and grilled to perfection and you should try a ladylike style. From classic Filipino dishes to local and exotic Ilocano cuisine. You can choose Mediterranean food that will meet your appetite. To name a few, its menu includes pita bread, pizza, sauces, and hummus. Bagnet and katuray pizza, Malaga fish and pasta are some of the hotel’s typical dishes.

Ilocos Sur Vitalis Villas

You can also choose from a wide range of spirits. Craft cocktails and fine wines, while enjoying the magnificent sunset views.

Vitalis Villas is the latest addition to the list of leading hotels and resorts. Managed by ArtStream Hospitality Management Group Incorporated. A group of art hotels that use European art charm in each hotel. Its properties, such as the Rembrandt Hotel in Manila. The Luna Hotel in Vigan, and the Monet Hotel in Baguio, named after well-known artists. Like its related hotels, Villa Vitalis is also named after Macario Vitalis. A visionary painter born in Ilocos Sur, whose work has won awards in France.

So what are you waiting for? Experience world-class accommodation and choose to rest at Villa Vitalis.


Sabangan Santiago Cove, Barangay Sabangan, Santiago, Ilocos Sur

Regions The Philippines

The Philippines Regions

The regions in the Philippines is an administrative division that is primarily used to coordinate programs and organize national government services in multiple local government units (LGUs). Most national government offices provide services through their regional branches, rather than directly having provincial or municipal offices. These regional offices are usually (but not always) located in cities designated as regional centers.

Currently, the Philippines is divided into 17 regions. Of these, only 16 are administrative groups. Each group is provided by the Philippine President with a Regional Development Committee (DRC). For the National Capital Regions, an additional metropolitan body is responsible for coordinating agencies and policy development. There is only one elected government the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim, Mindanao, and the Philippine Congress has given it certain powers and responsibilities.


Central Luzon Region III > Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales

Bicol Region-V > Albay, Catanduanes, Sorsogon City, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Masbate

Cagayan Valley Region II) > Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino Calabarzon > Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal

Caraga Region XIII > Agusan Del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Sur

Central Visayas Region VII > Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental, Siquijor

CAR-Cordillera Administrative Region)Region XIV > Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province

Davao Region XI > Compostela Valley‎; ‎Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Occidental, Davao Oriental

Eastern Visayas Region VIII > Biliran, Eastern Samar, Northern Samar, Southern Leyte

Ilocos Region I > Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan

Mimaropa Region IV-B > Marinduque, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Palawan, Romblon

National Capital Region (NCR Region) > Metro Manila with 16 Cities (Caloocan City, Las Piñas City, Makati City, Malabon City, Mandaluyong City, Manila City, Marikina City, Muntinlupa City, Navotas City, Parañaque City, Pasay City, Pasig City, Quezon City, San Juan City, Taguig City, Valenzuela City)

Northern Mindanao Region X > Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental

Caraga Region XIII > Agusan Del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Sur

Soccsksargen Region XII > Sarangani, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX > Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay





Rizal Monument” (CC BY 2.0) by Jorge Lascar

CAR Region XIV Mindanao Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Region XIV

The Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Region XIV, an autonomous region on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. It comprises five major Muslim provinces: Basilan (except Isabela), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi. The only region that has its holding government. The de facto location of the regional government is Cotabato, although the autonomous city is not within its jurisdiction.

ARMM includes the Shariff Kabunsuan province from 2006 to July 16, 2008. When Shariff Kabunsuan ceased to exist after the Supreme Court of the Philippines announced the “Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act 201”. He created it, in Sema vs. unconstitutional COMELEC.

On October 7, 2012, President Benigno Aquino III stated that the government intends to achieve peace in the autonomous region. Call it the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region, a complex of Bangsa (country) and Moro. On July 26, 2018, Aquino’s successor, President Rodrigo Duterte, signed the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL). Which laid the foundation set up a new autonomous political entity in the region. The (BARMM), Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

Cities, Places In Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Region XIV

After the approval of BOL, ARMM canceled and will be replaced by BARMM. After forming the Interim Government Bangsamoro Transitional Authority in the region. The January 21 after the referendum, the law was “approved” on January 25, 2019.


The Autonomous Region XIV in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) on the mainland of Mindanao in the southern Philippines. Created by Republic Act No. The 6734, confirmed into legislation by President Corazon Aquino on August 1, 1989. Their referendum held on November 17, 1989, in the ARMM region of ​​Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi.

READ: The Philippines Best Cities, Places In SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII

The region strengthened and expanded by the approved Republic No. 9054 Act, which amended Act No. 6734 of the Republic. Designated “The Law stipulates ARMM,” amended September 2001, as a separate of ARMM, from Basilan and Marawi.


The history of the Philippines, the region and most of Mindanao are independent territories. It enables to develop own culture and identity. The district has a traditional homeland for Filipino Muslims since the fifteenth century. The Spaniards even who colonized most of the Philippines before the Muslim missionaries in 1565. They arrived in Tawi Tawi in 1380 to begin colonization of the territory. And transforming the indigenous population into Islam. In 1457, it established the Sultanate of Sulu. They established Soon after the Sultanate of Maguindanao and Buayan. While the Philippines under Spanish rule.

These Sultanates maintained their independence and carried out attacks on coastal towns in northern. They rejected Spain’s invasion of its territory to question the Spanish rule of the Philippines. During the last quarter of the nineteenth century that the Sultan of Sulu recognized Spanish sovereignty. But these areas still controlled by the Spaniards something limited. Because of sovereignty in Zamboanga and Cotabato to military radio stations and garrisons and settlements. Civilian settlements had to leave the region because they failed in the Spanish-American war.

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In ARMM

For over 400 years, the Moors have to resist the history of Spain, the United States, and Japan. Moro’s current Muslim leaders believe the violent armed struggle against Japanese, Filipinos, Spaniards, and Americans. A portion of the 4-century “social liberation organization” of the Bangsamoro. The 400-year resistance of the Moorish Muslims to the Japanese, Americans, and Spaniards persists. It becomes their current war of independence for the Filipino countries.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

In 1942, during the early stages of the Second World War in the Pacific War. The Japanese Imperial Army’s army invaded and invaded Mindanao. A Moro’s native Muslims launched a rebellion against the Japanese. Three years later, in 1945, the United Army and the Philippine Federation Army liberated Mindanao. With the help of local guerrillas, defeated the Japanese who occupied the territory.


In the 1970s, escalate hostilities between government forces and the Moro National Liberation Front. This led to issuing a declaration by President Ferdinand Marcos to form an autonomous region in the southern Philippines. But, rejected by the referendum. In 1979, Batas Pambansa No. 20 established an autonomous regional government in the western and central parts of Mindanao.


The Muslim Autonomous Region XIV of Mindanao set up the first time on August 1, 1989. It gives Muslim Autonomous Region XIV of Mindanao through the Republic Act 6734 (known as the Organic Law) and the Constitution. The referendum in Basilan, Cotabato, South Davao, North Lanao. In South Lanao, Maguindanao Province, Palawan Island, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudala, Sulu, Tawi – Tawi. The provinces of North Zamboanga and Zamboanga. In Cotabato, Dapitan, Dipolog, General Santos, Coronado, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, Puerto Princesa. The city of Zamboanga to decide if residents want to be part of ARMM. Four provinces, South Lanao (except Marawi), Maguindanao, Sulu, and Tawi-they to include Tawi in the new autonomous region xiv.

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In ARMM

ARMM completed in Cotabato on November 6, 1990 [19], it designated which as the temporary capital. They promulgated the Mindanao Muslim Autonomous Bill on September 22, 1995. Try to fix the regional government’s seat in the Parang in Maguindanao province, waiting complete required buildings and infrastructure. But, transferring Parang has never done. Until they take on the Republic’s Law No. 9054, 2001. The regional government ARMM ordered the re-establishment of the new permanent seat of government in the region under its jurisdiction. The city of Cotabato remains the de facto seat of the ARMM government. 

2001 ARMM Extension.

On February 7, 2001, US Congress passed a new law, Republic Act No. 9054, expand the territory and powers of ARMM. By amending the original Organic Law (RA No. 6734), voted to approve the amendment. Confirm what others Provinces and cities will join the region. RA 9054 became law on March 31, 2001, without the signature of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. A referendum in Basilan Island, Cotabato Province, South Davao, North Lanao, South Lanao. The Maguindanao Province, Palawan Island, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudala, Sulu, Tawi – Tawi, Zamboanga Province. Held August 14th North Zamboanga and Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, and Cotabato. In Dapitan, Dipolog, General Santos, Iligan, Kidapawan, Marawi, Pagadian, Puerto Princesa, Digos, Coronal, Tacurong, and Zamboanga City. In the referendum, most of the four original provinces voted in favor of the amendment; outside these areas, only Marawi and Basilan (excluding Isabella) chose to was in ARMM.

Create and Dissolve Shariff Kabunsuan

The sixth ARMM province, Shariff Kabunsuan, excavated in Maguindanao on October 28, 2006. On July 16, 2008, the Supreme Court of the Philippines canceled set up Shariff Kabunsuan. It declared that Article 19 violated the Constitution 9054. Granted the ARMM District Council the power to create provinces and cities. The Supreme Court held that only Congress has the power to create provinces and cities. Because creating these provinces and cities includes the power to prove a legislative district. Which based on the Philippine Constitution, the exclusive right established by Congress?

Ancestral Field Agreement Memorandum

On July 18, 2008, Hermogenes Esperon, then peace adviser to the then president, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. Showed in a get together with the insurgents of the Malaysian Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The planned expansion of the city. After negotiating and approved by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The agreement will grant ARMM control over 712 added villages in southwestern Mindanao and broader political and economic power.

The large-scale protests greeted the movements of the Philippine. Moro connected Islamic Liberation Front government committees and chose not to join ARMM, 1989 and 2001.

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In ARMM

On August 4, 2008, after local Cotabato officials requested the Supreme Court to prevent the Philippine government from signing. Agree with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the court issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting the signing memorandum of agreement. The ancestral field between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebels in Malaysia (MOA-AD). Congressmen submitted petitions to the Supreme Court to prevent the Philippine government from completing MOA-AD for lack of transparency. In fact, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front has not yet cut links to al-Qaeda. The Islamic Jemaah terrorist network, aimed at establishing Islam in Southeast Asia. The country uses the Moro Islamic Liberation Front camp in southwestern Mindanao as a training camp and attack preparation point.

On October 14, 2008, the Supreme Court of the Philippines passed the ancestral field of the Tripoli Peace Agreement (MOA-AD). Which violated the law and the Constitution, by 8 votes to 7. Between the Philippines in 2001. Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The 89-page decision, written by Deputy Attorney General Conchita Carpio Morales, ruled. “The presidential adviser to the peace method abused discretion when it did not follow the relevant consultation scheme. EO No. 3., RA 7160 and RA 8371. The sneaky scheme of designing and developing MOA-AD violates authority and makes up capricious, oppressive, arbitrary and authoritarian behavior. It illustrates active evasion of active responsibility and refused to fulfill the oblige of collection.”

Bangsamoro State 

Because of the challenge of the former government to set up the Bangsamoro entity. Then Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte announced his intention to set up a federal government form. To replace a single form of government his campaign speech the 2016 Philippine winner of the presidential election. In its plan, besides the cities of Isabella and Cotabato. The ARMM and the field of voting for ARMM in 2001 will become part of the federal state. An ally Aquilino Pimentel advocated the federal scheme Duterte said in an interview. Isabella City, Basilan, Lamitan, Sulu and Tawi – Tawi can become a federal state. While South Lanao, Marawi, Cotabato City, Maguindanao can become a single state. The federal state has a different heritage of the Muslim Mindanao mainland because of the Muslim Sulu Islands.

Bangsa Sug and Bangsa Moro

In 2018, represent every ethnic group from the Sultan in the Sulu Islands began in Zamboanga City. Announcing that they were the people of Bangsa Sug. It separates them from the Bangsa Moro people from the mainland centre of Mindanao. They cite the complete differences between culture and customary lifestyles. The main reason for their separation from Muslims in the Central Mindanao. They called on the government to set up an independent Filipino country called Bangsa Sug on the mainland of Bangsamoro. Or to include the Sulu Islands in any state on the Zamboanga Peninsula. If the next Philippines approved by the federal scheme.

Administrative Division

The Muslim Autonomous Region xiv of Mindanao comprises two constituent cities, 116 municipalities and 2,490 towns. The cities of Isabella and Cotabato are not within the administrative jurisdiction of ARMM. Although the former is part of Basilan, which considered but not part of the political Maguindanao province.

Lanao del Sur

ARMM Organizational Structures


The region headed by a regional governor. Their regional governor and the regional deputy governor elected as local executives. The Regional Decree established by the District Council and comprises members of the Assembly and elected. According to Congressional legislation, it holds regional elections one year after the general elections (national and local). Regional officials appointed for a three-year term and may extend through the Congressional Act.

The Regional Governor is the CEO of the Regional Government and assisted by a cabinet of only 10 members. Senior officials are to appoint cabinet members, this to confirmation by the regional legislative assembly. Control every regional executive committee, agencies, committees, offices, and offices.

Executive Meeting

Governor of the Muslim Autonomous Region XIV of Mindanao

The Executive Committee advises the regional governor on the government affairs of the autonomous region. It comprises the regional governor, a regional deputy governor. Three regional deputy governors (each representing a Christian, Muslim, and indigenous cultural communal). They appoint the Regional Director and the Regional Vice-Governor. Term of three years with only three-year terms highest. The term of the Representative is consistent with the term of the Regional Director who designates them.


ARMM has a one-chamber regional legislative assembly led by the president. It comprises three members from each congressional district. The number of members who canceled ARMM was 24, of which 6 were from Lanao del Sur, including Marawi City. Six were from Maguindanao, 6 were from Sulu, 3 were from Basilan, and 3 were from Tawi-Tawi.

The local legislative assembly is the parliamentary division of the ARMM government. Official members (3 members/regions) and departmental representatives appointed for a term of three years; for a greatest of three consecutive semesters. He exercises legislative power in the autonomous region, except for diplomacy. The national defense and national security, postal, monetary and monetary policies. Justice, quarantine, tariff and customs, citizenship, naturalization, immigration, and deportation. General audit, national elections, shipping, land and air transport, communications, patents, trademarks, trade names, and copyrights. The foreign trade, and legislation on matters covered by Islamic law, laws governing Muslims.

The Power and Basic Principles of ARMM.

RA 9054 states that ARMM “is still an integral part of the territory of the Republic”. The President has supervised the regional governor. According to the constitutional provisions and RA 9054. Local governments may create their own sources of income and collect taxes, fees, and charges. Islamic law applies only to Muslims; its scope of application limited by the relevant constitutional provisions (prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment).

Region XIV:Cultural Heritage

People in the Bangsamoro region, including Muslims and non-Muslims, have a culture that revolves around Kulintang music. Special music found in Muslim and non-Muslim groups in the southern Philippines. Each ethnic group of ARMM has its own unique architecture, intangible heritage and crafts. A good example of the region’s original architectural style is the Royal Sulu Building. Which used to make Daru Jambangan (Flower Palace) in Sulu Maimbung. Because of the typhoon of 1932, the palace destroyed during the American period and has never rebuilt. It used to be the largest palace in the Philippines. It has carried a faithful restoration of interest in Maimbung town out since 1933. A tiny replica of a palace was in a small town near the 2010s. But it pointed out that the copy does not mean that the campaign to rebuild the palace Maimbung has stopped. The copy the product does not say the true essence of the Sulu Palace. In 2013, the remaining members of the Sulu royal family designated Maimbung as the royal capital of Sultanate of Sulu.

ARMM Regional Building

Photo by georgeparrilla

Mindanao Region XIII Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 2 of 2

Export and Investment

Investment in the region fell by 25.4%. The 6.3 billion Philippine pesos in 2002 to 4.6 billion pesos in 2003. Investment in every province in the region experienced negative growth. Agusan del Sur declined the most year-on-year during 2002-2003, at 62.6%. The decrease of 8.5%, the share of Agusan del Norte’s investment increased from 64.8% to 79.5%. Base on DTI Caraga’s board of directors. Investment data is only partial in part and does not show the overall level of investment in the district. DTI Caraga’s data does not cover public expenditure data.

The period 2000-2001, exports fell by 19.08%, and exports in 2001-2002 fell by 57.52%. Agusan Norte, Surigao Norte, and Surigao Sur recorded negative growth between 2000 and 2001. Surigao Sur recorded the largest decline (81.31%). The year 2002, Agusan Norte’s exports increased by 741.04%, a sign of economic growth in the province. Exports in northern Surigao fell the most, in 2002 (63.17%).

The year 2000, the region XIII contributed 1.87% to Mindanao’s exports; this expanded to 2.68% in 2001 but fell to 0.77% in 2002.

Natural Resources

They know the district for its timber economy. Extensive water resources and abundant minerals such as iron, gold, silver, nickel, chromite, manganese and copper. Its main crops are the taste, bananas, and coconuts.

There are several beaches in the territory, rich in seafood, cool and hot springs, evergreen forests and a mild climate.

Main Products

The main agricultural products in the region include corn, palay, coconut, gold. Oil palm, banana, rubber, calamansi, crab, seaweed, shrimp, and mango. The distance between Caraga and Cebu and Manila makes products in these markets conducive to shipments. The traffic volume at other locations in Mindanao increases. Nasipit Port can serve as a secondary shipping center for Cagayan de Oro. Surigao is operating the Ro-Ro ferry service and is an important transportation hub for trucks and buses to Luzon.


Siargao, known as the “Philippines Surfing Capital”, organizes an international surfing event every year. The huge “Peace Roll” has become one of the top five jumps in the world. Including “Cloud Nine” they consider which to be one of the most important surfing waves in the world. They discovered other ruptures in cities such as Cantilan, Tandag, and Lanuza, providing exploratory surfing without crowds.


Guyam, Daku, La Janosa, Naked or Pansukian, Bucas Grande, Pig-ot, Dinagat, Cantilan and Britania have small islands. An island with white sand beaches surrounded by coral reefs for swimming and diving.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

Other attractions include the carved waterways in the middle of the mangroves of Barangay Manjagao; the Barangay Dayasan floating village in Buena Vista Cavern; and the white sandy tropical beaches on Sagisi Island. Britania in San Agustín-Surigao del Sur has 25 small islands, white sandy beaches and a group of limestone hills.

Mountain Bike

Alabel City, Surigao del Sur, Kawas, Agusan del Norte and Siargao bicycle trails. Will host cross-country and downhill races involving local and international cycling.

Travel By Walking

Mount Mas-ai and Mt. Hilong-Hilong offer panoramic views of Agusan’s vast trough. Close to the mountains. Mas-ai is in Lake Mainit, the country’s fourth largest lake. With a space of ​​147 square kilometers (57 square miles). Over the years, they have known this lake tilapia, pidjanga, haw-an, kasili, banak, saguyon, gingaw, and igi’s lair. Migratory birds, pagoi and tabokali flowers are their intermittent added attractions.

The mangrove forest in Del Carmen covers a range of ​​8,000 hectares (80 square kilometers). One of the largest mangrove forests in the Philippines. Sohoton’s caves and lagoons on the island of Bucas Grande. An hour-long journey from Siargao, showing limestone formations, entering a narrow passage, and soon it became a cave.


Karst bedrock in parts the provinces of Surigao and Agusan (San Agustín, Lianga, Rosario, Tagbina, and Bislig) presents several caves. Isn’t common destinations for leisure cave explorers. Caves of Banbow and Tatol (listed 6th and 9th caves in the Philippines) are in cities of Tagbina and Bislig. Declared the third longest cave in the country by Japanese cave explorers. The most visited and most accessible caves in the territory are the Buenavista Caves and the Silop Caves in Surigao. The Libas Caves in Jabonga-Agusan del Norte. These caves have limestone formations and stalagmites, stalactites and carved pillars.

Agusan’s Swamp

It covers a range of ​​14,000 hectares (140 square kilometers), the Agusan Reservoir in Agusan del Sur. One of the largest wetlands in the country with a variety of birds. 

Events and Festivals

The festival includes the Naliyagan Festival of Agusan del Sur, Kahimunan, Balangay, Surigao del Sur’s Kaliguan of Cagwait. Lisagan and the region’s most famous Bonok-Bonok festival Maradjaw Karadjaw to commemorate San patron Nicholas De Torun Tino. In the annual international surfing competition, surfers from the world gathered in Siargao.


The entire part connected by roads from the main commercial and processing centres of Cagayan de Oro and Davao. Wuduan City is developing into a regional center with modern facilities. Many secondary seaports and airports in the territory. Has much and more telecommunications facilities and the main base port of the region in the Verano harbour in Surigao.

Social Development

Education and Skills Development

The literacy rate in the region XIII in 1990 was 93%, higher than the national average of 92.57%. In 1997, public and 49 private primary schools. The110 public, 71 private secondary schools, 26 secondary school affiliated schools and 7 vocational schools supported education in the region.

There are 49 higher education institutions in region XIII, including 45 private higher education institutions (HEIs). Four universities and state universities (SUCs). In higher education institutions, St. Nicholas College (now St. Paul University-Surigao and the first university established throughout the region). Identified as the Center for Teacher Education Development and the Regional Center for Gender and Education. The development, as the headquarters of the CARAGA Women’s Resources Center.

Caraga State University (CSU). Known as Northern Mindanao State Institute of Science and Technology of Mindanao (NORMISIST). One of 112 institutions investing in the Philippines. The Higher Education Commission (CHED) identified it as the Center for Information Technology Development (COD), Biological COD and Math COD. The research environment of the Caraga Center and in the Eco-governance (CREME) management. Caraga Environmental Research Center and Management (CCESM). The focus of capacity building and coordination of environmental protection. In the field. The university, through the geographic information of the Caraga Center (CCGeo). Is (the systematic evaluation of the impact of the risk of flooding in Mindanao.

The geographic information science), implementing the geography SAFER Mindanao agency, the research plan LiDAR data will flood. The risk zone maps to construe the resistant island of Mindanao. CSU produces high-level councils, forestry, geotechnical engineering, mining engineering, and agricultural engineering has passed. Leading him to the recent State University Level 4 accredited by the Higher Education Commission for years of excellence. In research and innovation systems for excellence in teaching and research.

Father Saturnino Urios University founded by the dearest Spanish missionary Caraga (father). The Saturnino Urios S.J. Higher Education Commission (CHED). Believes that the University of Saturnino Urios is one of the best schools in the region. It has achieved the best results in the examinations of the National Committee for Nursing, Engineering and Accounting. They performed well in the Teacher Licensing Examination (LET) and the Philippine Bar Association (BAR). On July 12, 2006, Urios School proclaimed its promotion to the university and now renamed Padre. The University of Saturnino Urios (FSUU), the first local university in Caraga.

In the 1996-1997 school year, the participation rate of public primary schools 93.65%. The enrolment rate in public secondary schools is low at 56%. Teachers and students ratio at both levels is within the teacher’s standard for every 40 students. The survival rate of this group considered being low at the primary and intermediate levels, which 66.23% and 68.93%. The 1996-97 school year, high school dropout rates high, in Butuan (9.5%) and Surigao del Sur (7.8%). This may be one reason most people only end in primary school.

Health and Nutrition

Besides the maternal mortality rate, every important health indicators from 1992 to 1997 showed a downward trend. The crude birth rate fell from an average of 21.02 from 1992 to 1996 to 18.71 in 1997. The crude death rate fell from the average death rate in 1992-1996 to 3.0 in 1997. Infant mortality rate rose from an average of 1.33 in 1992-1996 to 1.56 in 1997.

Total major causes of the disease from 1992 to 1997 infectious diseases. Except for pneumonia (836.30 to 1,200.23), diarrhea (1,059.40 to 1,133.11). The Influenza (655.36 to 926.74) malaria (216.80), and the rate per million population. The declined to 366.5 of the main causes of death. Lifestyle-related diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer rank first, replacing infectious diseases.

The district faces problems with endemic diseases such as schistosomiasis and malaria. Although its prevalence has declined over the past three years. Caraga region XIII is still ranked second in schistosomiasis cases and sixth in malaria cases in the country.

The malnutrition rate 49.25%, of which 34.05% classified as low body weight. 11.66% underweight, 1.43% low weight, and 3.60% overweight.

According to the 1995 census, life expectancy in the region XIII 65.73 for men and 70.98 for women.

In 1997, 62 hospitals in region XIII, 35 of which government hospitals and 27 private hospitals. Among the 27 private hospitals, 20 are primary schools, 4 are secondary schools, and 3 are tertiary. Of the 35 government hospitals, 18 are primary schools, 14 are secondary schools, and 3 are tertiary. The 73 major health centers, 489 Barangay health stations. 76 doctors, 147 nurses, 35 medical technicians, 45 dental assistants, 52 dentists, 608 midwives, and 137 health inspectors. Each of this returned to the local government authorities in conformity with local government regulations of 1991.

Social Welfare Services

In 1996, there were 1,619 welfare facilities in Caraga, of which 1,238 were daycare centres, 8 were Tertiary Centres. The 3 were Productivity Skills Capability Building for Disadvantaged Women (PSCBDW). Children’s Learning and Resources Centre, Women’s Centre, Girls’ Home. Youth Regional Rehabilitation Centre, Lingap Centre, Balay Silongan, foster families of abused children and women, and mental illness among families.

Among public-based services, only PSCBDW managed by DSWD, while the rest managed by LGU.


The region XIII at a unique housing image in 1990. Other areas complain about housing shortages, still, many houses were vacant, in Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Norte. But, the statistics do not show the poor quality of the units to replace and the current housing stock. At present, Butuan City and Surigao City and other cities have not spared from the housing problem. The squatters purchased by urbanization.


Roads and Bridges

The Caraga region has the first and only cable-stayed bridge on the entire island of Mindanao. In the Surigao-Siargao Bridge in the northern province of Surigao, connecting the mainland with the Siargao Island.

The region connected to the main centre of its neighbourhood via the Maharlika Highway. Which extends from Davao City, Cagayan de Oro, and Surigao. It interconnects these provinces with concrete roads. Except for parts of Surigao del Sur still being completed in areas. The total length of roads in the territory is 7,515,596 km. Their road density in 1995 was 0.3988. The region has 1,325,558 km of national and urban roads and 1,289,774 km of provinces. The total length of municipal roads in the district is 696.46 km.

There are bridges in the region with a total length of 23,775.49 linear meters. Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur have the longest bridge lengths: 9,288,520 linear meters and 7,853.4 linear meters.

Seaports and Airports

As a land entry into the Visayas and Luzon, you can access the territory. Through the base port of the summer port and the Lipata Ferry Terminal in Surigao. Which connects the southern province of Wright. Other terminal harbors are in Surigao del Norte, Siargao, Dapa, San José in the Dinagat Islands. Bislig in Surigao del Sur, Tandag and Nasipit Port in Agusan del Norte. The fast ferry service is available daily for the Surigao-Cebu daily.Private ports can found in different cities and downtowns in the region. Only three of the 42 ports serve.

The district offers commercial flights to and from Manila and Cebu, passing through Butuan. Surigao and Siargao in Surigao del Norte and Tandag Airport in Surigao del Sur. Bislig Airport served before suspending commercial flights. Advice on Agusan del Sur and Dinagat airports is being studied if they are available for commercial operations. There are six other private airports in the district, including PHILNICO Airport in Nonoc island in Surigao. The port and airport are compatible with the road network connecting the provinces inside and outside region XIII.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

Photo by Matt Herradura Photography

Caraga Region XIII Mindanao Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 1 of 2

Caraga, known as the Karaga Region or the Caraga region XIII, designated as District XIII. An administrative region of the Philippines that occupies the northeastern part of Mindanao. The Caraga region established on February 23, 1995, through Republic Act No. 7901. The region includes 5 provinces: Surigao del Norte, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Agusan del Sur, and Dinagat; six cities: Bislig, Bayugan, Butuan, Surigao, Cabadbaran, and Tandag; 67 cities, and 1,311 towns. Butuan is a regional administrative center.

It is said that Caraga originated from Kalaga native words, meaning “the spirit of the soul.” The entire province of Caraga throughout 1622 called a vibrant region an “energetic region”. Another fictional source of the name comes from local legends, comes from the word Cagang. Which forms the beach of Caraga, known as the katang of the local population legend name of the city. Because the first Spanish missionaries who arrived in the early 17th century found many small crabs on the beach.


During the pre-colonial period, the Rajahnate of Butuan ruled the current Agusan del Norte and Butuan City. It has a great influence in Caraga, the northern part of Mindanao and the western part of Bohol. According to records, Butuan conflicts with Ternate Sultanate in Indonesia’s current Moluccas. Ternateans will attack and plunder Butuan and its wealth, but Butuan always has the edge. As everyone knows, Butuan’s Rajahnate has a friendly relationship with Cebu’s Rajahnate, which he considers being an ally. Butuan’s Rajahnate became a powerful Hindu country known for its goldsmiths and shipbuilding. The Butuan people used a huge ship called balangay, which contained countless people. The Philippine National Museum and other international museums unearthed and preserved the remains of these gold crafts and giant ships. Butuan has a cordial relationship with the Champa Kingdom, now the center of Vietnam.

The Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII

The Butuan crossed the Sulu Sea and the South China Sea to trade in Champa. Although Butuan’s Rajahnate is free, the internal Lumads of Caraga are free and have a very advanced democratic society. Their society is known for its understanding of nature, medicine, mythology, and war. Chinese businessmen arrived in Butuan, China – China trade became the focus of the Champa-Butuan relationship. The two countries competed to win a better trade with Chinese businessmen. For the large-scale attack by Ternate, Butuan began to weaken. Cebu couldn’t help at the time because he attacked by Ternate. Kedatuan of Bohol Dapitan, “Venice of the Visayas”, destroyed by the attack of Ternate.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 2 of 2

Calagan, known by the Spaniards as “Karagan”, occupies a region. It comprises the two provinces of Surigao, northeast of Davao and East Misamis. The two provinces of Agusan organized under the administrative jurisdiction of Surigao. It became the independent province of Agusan in 1940 in 1960. Surigao divided into South and North, and June 1967, Agusan did the same. Although Butuan was only a city in Agusan, the logging boom of the 1950s brought commercial interest in the field. On August 2, 1950, according to Republic Law 523, the “Butuan City Charter” approved. 

On February 23, 1995, the Caraga region established by Republican Law No. 7901 during administer President Fidel Ramos. The provinces of North Agusan, South Agusan and North Surigao (from the ancient part of northern Mindanao). South Surigao (from the ancient part of southern Mindanao) annexed as part of the created space.

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Corresponding to reports, in the first few years of the Caraga region, its residents came from the Asian continent. It followed by Malays, Arabs, Chinese, Japanese, Spanish and Americans. Immigrants from Visayas and Luzon settled in the city. Most residents say Cebuano, living in rural areas.

Caraga Region XIII: Geography

The Caraga region XIII, in the northeastern part of Mindanao, stationed between 8 00’ and 10 30’ north latitude. It has a longitude of 125 15’ to 126 30’E. It limits the Bohol Sea in the north; the Davao del Norte province in the south, the Davao Oriental in the Compostela Valley and XI districts; the Bukidnon and Misamis Oriental of X in the west; and the Pacific Ocean in the Philippines to the east.

The total space of ​​the territory 18,846.97 square kilometers. (7,276.86 square miles), accounting for 6.3% of the country’s total capacity. 18.5% of Mindanao 47.6% of the total land of ​​the region belongs to the province of Agusan del Sur. Among the total land space, the forest land section accounts for 71.22%. The total land and total land space account for 28.78%. The mainland used includes forest land, accounting for 31.36% and 23.98% of agriculture and open space.

Caraga Region XIII: Environment And Wildlife

The region has one of the last ecological boundaries of the Philippines. It is home to 12 key biodiversity areas identified by the Haribon Foundation. The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of the Philippines. Key areas of biodiversity include Mt. Redondo and Mt. Kambinliw in the Dinagat Islands. Dinagat, the mouse cloud-tailed family and endangered species. After decades of disappearance, rediscovered, Dina Ghat’s Dinagat Gymnure endangered species. They announced to plan EDGE species of animal learning. London as a world of different species of 100 major evolutionary and endangered species and rare subspecies.

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The Philippine tarsier, a large, darker in the Philippine ordinary larger and dark. The landscape of Siargao Island in Surigao del Norte and the protected sea view, the country’s surfing capital. Consuelo, Carrascal Bay in Surigao del Sur, Mt. Hilong-Hilong, and General Islands in Surigao del Sur. This shared by North Agusan, South Agusan, North Surigao, and Surigao del Sur. It considers one of the most extensive houses of the Philippine Eagles. The Magsaysay in Agusan del Norte, Mount Kaluayan -Mt. Kinabalian, shared by Agusan del Sur and Mindanao del Norte’s Bukidnon province. Surigao del Sur’s Cagwait, Mt. Diwata range, shared by Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur. The focal point of the western Mindanao ecological border. Surigao del Sur’s Hinatuan Bay Known for its fascinating Hintauan River. The Bislig rainforest between Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur. The Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary in Agusan del Sur, part of the UNESCO temporary list.

Caraga Region XIII: Terrain

The zone characterized by mountains, flat and undulating. Their mountains divide the provinces of Agusan and Surigao. While the secondary mountains separate most of the lowlands on the Pacific coast. The most productive agricultural section in the region in the Agusan River Basin. Their famous Agusan Marsh in the middle of Agusan del Sur. Among the lakes in the territory, Lake Mainit is the widest lake. It spans eight cities: Alegría, Mainit, Tubod, and Sison in northern Surigao. And Santiago, Jabonga, Tubay, and Kitcharao in Agusan del Norte.

Caraga Region XIII: The Weather

The Caraga region is a category II climate with no obvious rainy and rainy seasons. Heavy rains often occur in the region between November and February.

Caraga Region XIII: Administrative Division

Includes Caraga 5 provinces, 1 urbanized city, 5 constituent cities, 70 municipalities, and 1,310 towns.

Caraga Region XIII: Demographics

According to the 2015 census, the total population of the region is 2,933,772. The annual growth rate during this period was higher than 20%. Among the five provinces, Agusan del Sur has the greatest population of 700,653. The Dinagat Islands has the lowest population of 127,152.

The total urban population of Butuan and Surigao is 337,063 and 154,137. From 2010 to 2015, the annual growth rate of Butuan City was 1.62%.

Caraga Region XIII: Languages

33.79% of the families in the territory say Cebuano. 33.21% of households use Surigaonon, followed by Butuanon 15%; Kamayo is 7.06% and Manobo is 4.73%. The rest said Boholanon, 5.87%; Hiligaynon, 2.87%; and 7.20% of other dialects.

Caraga Region XIII: Religion

The main religion in the region is Roman Catholicism, which accounts for 74% of the total population of Caraga family. Other major religious minorities include Protestants, who make up 20% of the total population of the family. Aglipayan, which accounts for 6% of the total family size.

Caraga Region XIII: Cultural Group

Majority of the inhabitants of the region are the Visayas heritage. The region is home to several national groups. In 1995, there were 675,722 people, accounting for 34.7% of the population of the region. The largest is Manobos, which accounts for 294,284 or 43.55% of the total minority population. Other cultural groups with a large population in the region are Kamayo, Banwaon, Higa-Onon, Kalagan, Umayamnon, and Mamanwa.

Most members of these cultural groups live in the province of Agusan del Sur.

Caraga Region XIII: Poverty Index

The poor people in the region decreased by 1.7%, from 44.7% in 1997 to 42.9% in 2000. Another positive development is the increase in regional annual household income based on the 1997 Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Compared with 2000, R $ increased by 13.65%. In 1997 it was $71,7126.00 and in 2000 it was $81,519.00. Regional annual household expenditures increased by 16.65%, from $61,815.00 in 1997 to $72,108.00 in 2000. The average annual savings reduced by 5% from ₱9,911.00 to 941 9411.00. Data on occur poverty in 2003 have not yet published.

From the perspective of Mindanao and the entire Mindanao, Caraga region one of the poorest regions in the country. From 1997 to 2000, the region the fourth highest incidence of household poverty in every part of the country. While in the Mindanao region, Caraga had the third highest incidence of poverty (in terms of incidence of the family).

Caraga Region XIII: Regional Economy

From 2001 to 2003, the Caraga region maintained its consistent performance in other parts of Mindanao. Caraga’s growth rate was 0.9%, while the growth rate in the 12th district was 9.5%. The growth rate of the Muslim Autonomous Region (ARMM) in Mindanao was 2.6%. The growth rate of Caraga in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 the same (0.9%). This far less than population growth. But, this performance is better than the economic performance of the region during 2000-2001. The region’s economy has declined by 1.4%.

Contribute the region to Mindanao’s national products was 7.58% in 2003. Caraga has the second lowest capital income in Mindanao and across the country. In 2003, the region accounted for 1.35% of the country’s gross national product.

Caraga Region XIII: Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP)

The region performed well in regional production. It contributes 8.01% to the GRDP in Mindanao in 1998, 8.25% in 1999 and 8.29% in 2000. The region contributed 1.44% to the Philippine economy in 1998, 1.48% in 1999 and 1.50% in 2000. In terms of growth rates, the region sped up from 1998 to 2000 and surpassed other parts of Mindanao. Except for the southern Mindanao region, which increased by 6.06% between 1999 and 2000. The Karaga region grew by 5.42% over the same period.

GRDP in 2000 was 1,433.6 billion pesos, compared with 135,59 billion pesos in 1999. The region’s economy slowed from 6.03% in 1999 to 5.42% in 2000. The slowdown in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry (AFF) sectors and services. It’s best performance of the industrial district, from 5.69% in 1999 to 6.69% in 2000. It eased the impact of a slowdown in the region.

With a 1.4% reduction in GRDP in 2000-2001, GRDP resumed in 2001-2002. With a growth rate of 0.9%. The positive trend continued in 2002-2003, with GRDP in the region increasing by 0.9%, the same as the earlier year.

The Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry Zone (AFF) the main economic district in Caraga. With growth trends of 3.8% and 6.8% in 2001 and 2003,. Although the growth trend of the agricultural and fisheries sub-sectors is declining. The much growth rate of the forestry sub-segment far offsets this downward trend. The forestry subsector increased by 36.3% in 2003, the highest growth rate for any sub-segment in the region. Important to remember the Caraga region has the highest GVA in the forest sub-sectors in every region of the Philippines.

The service industry is one highlight of the region’s economy. After experiencing a slowdown in growth in 2002 and a growth rate of 6.1% in the earlier year. The industry recovered in 2003 with a growth rate of 5.6%. In addition, the commercial sub-segment still a major sub-region. With growth rates of 5.6%, 6.6% and 6.3% from 2001 to 2003. Sub-sectors achieved positive growth in both 2001 and 2003. Transportation, communications and storage sub-zone has the highest growth rate in a service industry sub-district, at 8.4%.

The industrial division was the worst performing division in the regional economy and continued to decline from 2001 to 2003. Although the decline in the zone slowed in 2002. (a -6.7% in 2002, -13.3% in 2001), it was -12.1% in 2003. Construction sub-division fell by 16.6%, 11.3% and 33.5% in 2001 and 2002. The mining sub-part recorded a negative growth rate, but the downward trend of the sub-region slowed. The manufacturing industry made up reduce the two sub-sectors. Which increased by 8.9% in 2003, making it the largest contributor to the zone. Even though the mine and quarry segment performed low, Caraga was the second largest metal mining company. In 2001, metal mine production reached 1.25 billion Philippine pesos (Philippines Yearbook, 2003).

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Caraga Region XIII Part 2 of 2

Photo by Matt Herradura Photography

Mindanao Regions Soccsksargen Region XII

The Philippines Best Cities, Places In SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII

SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII, Soccsksargen (pronounced, soksardʒɛn), known as Cotabato or Kota Bato. An administrative region of the Philippines in the south-central part of Mindanao. Designated as zone XII. Those name an acronym for the four provinces and one city in the region. (Cotabato del Sur, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani, and General Santos). It was once known as the Central Mindanao Island. The regional centre is in Koronadal, in the province of Cotabato del Sur. A commercial and industrial centre is General Santos, the most populous city in the region.


The northern part of the region is Mindanao del Norte. Its eastern part is the Davao section, and the southwest is the Celebes Sea. The zone has maritime borders with Gorontalo and Sulawesi in northern Indonesia. It bases the province of Maguindanao in Cotabato, between the provinces of Cotabato del Norte and Sultan Kudarat.

It has vast coastlines, valleys, and mountains. Recognized for its river scheme and the watershed of Mindanao, in the Cotabato Basin, a comprehensive depression on three sides. The Rio Grande River, the longest river in Mindanao, extended in the basin, the second longest river in the Philippines. The river flow Illana Bay in Morro Bay, west of Cotabato.

In the southern part of the basin is the Tiruray Heights. A medium-altitude mountain range that blocks the basins on the southern coast. In the southeastern part of the Sarangani Bay.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines


The oldest civilization in the territory in Maitum, Sarangani, where anthropomorphic pottery discovered. These jars have declared a national cultural treasure and protected by the laws of the Philippines and international law.

Central Mindanao

The city is once known as the Central Mindanao Island. Before setting up the Mindanao Muslim (ARMM) Autonomous Region, it included the following provinces:


With the setup ARMM, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao (excluding Cotabato) removed from the city. This leaves Lanao del Norte, Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat, Iligan, Cotabato, and Marawi as provinces and constituent municipalities. Iligan and Lanao del Norte assigned to Northern Mindanao, while Marawi converted part of ARMM.


September 2001, President Arroyo signed Executive Order No. 36 to South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos (known as SocSarGen District). The Regional Section moved from South Mindanao to Zone XII and renamed the region from Central Mindanao to SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII.

Koronadal City, New Regional Center

According to Executive Order No. 304, signed by the then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The city of Koronadal appointed as the regional political and socio-economic center SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII March 30, 2004. The Zero-Day Regional Office instructed working with the office that will move from Cotabato. City, the former regional center of the city.

Departure from Cotabato City

Boycotts included in the efforts of the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao. Although as the government center of ARMM, the referendum created the autonomous region of Bangsamoro. On January 21, 2019, caused a legal surprise to approve the organic Bangsamoro. This means that the city of Cotabato, now becoming the capital of the region. The current ARMM institutions should keep by the regional government of Bangsamoro and now send to the SOCCSKSARGEN region XII.

Administrative Division

Soccsksargen comprises 4 provinces, 1 urbanized city, 3 constituent cities, 45 municipalities, and 1,195 towns.


Part Cities

  • Kidapawan – The only city in Cotabato
  • Koronadal – Regional Political Center of Soccsksargen region xii
  • Tacurong – the only city in Sultan Kudarat

Very Urbanized City

General Santos – an urbanized city that is the center of the SOCCSKSARGEN region xii metropolitan and regional trade and industrial center.

Photo by Constantine Agustin

Davao Region XI Mindanao Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Davao Region XI

The Davao region XI, known as Mindanao del Sur (Cebuano: Habagatang Mindanao). An administrative section of ​​the Philippines designated as District XI. It’s in the southeastern part of Mindanao and comprises five provinces. The Davao del Norte, Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental, Davao Occidental, and Davao del Sur, which built provinces.

The place surrounded by Davao Bay and its regional centre is Davao City. Davao is the Spanish pronunciation of dada-dada, and the word “fire” bagobo (translatie Cebuano is kalayo).

Many historians believe that the name Davao is a mixture of three names from three different tribes. The first settlers in the region, built for the Davao River. Manobos is an aboriginal tribe that calls the Davao River Davao. Another tribe, Bagobos, called the river Davohaha, meaning “fire”. Another tribe, the Guiangan tribe, called the Duhwow River.


The history of the city dates back to the times when several tribes occupied the territory. They believe it that manobos, mandayas, kalagans, mansakas, and bagobos occupied the city. These tribes created small settlements and communities that became Mindanao.

Europeans First Contacted The State

The Davao Bay section first country to reach out to Europeans because these contacts took place in the sixteenth century. The Portuguese individuals before the Spaniards who colonists in the territory. Although they were observing and visiting the region. In 1512, Francisco Serrano suffered a shipwreck in the shallow waters of Cabo de San Agustín and the coral reefs. Now in the eastern province of Davao. In 1538, the Portuguese captain Francisco de Castro blown by strong winds to the southeast coast of Mindanao. He baptized several responsible persons in the city.

Around January 1546, the Jesuit pastor Francisco Javier left Malacca and went to the Moluccas, later known as Spice Islands. Where the Portuguese settled and preached the Gospel to the residents of Amboyna for a year and a half. Ternate, Baranura and other smaller islands. It has claimed that during this expedition he landed in Mindanao. Which confirmed by writers of the 17th century and the sacred bulls released in 1623. Others say he is a missionary. The gospel of Mindanao.

Davao Region XI: Spanish Government

For centuries, these tribes lived in relative calm until the Spaniards arrived in the region in 1847. Under the leadership of the adventurous Spanish businessman Don José Oyanguren. The head of Kalagan Moro in Da Lat Bago took control of the territory. Today is the city of Davao. Don Oyanguren tried to conquer the territory ruled by Datu Bago; although it failed, Moor cacique evacuated his people and lived in the city near Mount Apo. This was the city of Davao, which called the Nueva Vergara by the Spanish and founded in 1848.

Don Oyanguren tried to develop the field. Although the Spaniards took the upper hand in controlling the ports in the region. Davo’s population grew until the 1890 Christian missionaries arrived in the city.

Davao Region XI: American Government

Spain, 1898 – After the American War, Spain’s rule over in the region. The Americans then landed in the city and later developed communications and transportation systems. During this period, ownership of private farms in the territory increased. Japanese entrepreneurs Kyosaburo Ohta and Yoshizo Furukawa are looking for better agricultural land in the zone. To build abaca and coconut plantations and start Japanese immigrants. Davao Port completed in 1900 and became the first international port in the Philippines.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

From 1903 to 1914, the region was the former Moro province of Mindanao. After 1914, a US colonial institution called Sulu, and Mindanao. Which included the entire Mindanao island replaced the province, except for Lanao. The operation lasted from 1914 to 1920.

Davao Region XI: Japanese Occupation During The War

In 1942, on Second World War, when Japan occupied the Philippines. The territory was one of the first Philippine regions occupied by Japan. Davao’s Japanese immigrants served as the fifth column, welcoming the Japanese aggressors during the Second World War. These Japanese hated by Moros Muslims, and the Chinese dislike them. They rated the Moros as capable of dealing with the fifth columnist and the Japanese aggressor.

When the Moros landed in Davao, Mindanao, they had to fight the Japanese aggressors. Japan returned to their boat to sleep at night as a Moros attack terrified and scared. Even the Moro outnumbered by the Japanese. The battle of the longest ally of the Allied liberation, the battle of Davao, after the war in 1945. The region he returns to the hands of the Americans for at least a year before the Philippines became independent. On July 4, 1946, who lived in ​​Japan now included in the Philippine population.

Philippine Government

Davao Province
Main: Davao (former province)

Even before independent of the Philippines in 1946, the entire region a province called Davao, with Davao as the capital. The province one of the largest provinces in the Philippines covering a range over 20,000 square kilometers (7,700 square miles). It began in 1920-1967 when the province divided into three provinces in May 1967. Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, and Davao del Norte. After the split, Davao City named the Regional Center.

Mindanao and Davao del Sur

District XI, then known as South Mindanao, covered six provinces. (Davao del Norte, Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Sarangani, and South Cotabato). Davao, Digos, Panabo, Tagum, Samal, General and other cities in Santos. And Koronadal. Surrey Gould Sur moved to the new Caraga region on February 23, 1995.

The Executive Order No. 36 promulgated in September 2001 to reorganize the region of ​​Mindanao. District XI, then known as South Mindanao, renamed Davao, Cotabato del Sur, and Sarangani provinces. Cities such as General Santos and Koronadal moved to XII.

Davao Region XI: The Weather

The territory distributed throughout the year. It is outside the typhoon belt.

Administrative Division:

The Davao region divided into 5 provinces, 1 urbanized city, 5 constituent cities, 43 municipalities, and 1,162 towns.

Davao Region XI: Demographics

The Davao region XI is the most populated territory of Mindanao and is the seventh most crowded community in the land. More or less 4,893,318 residents in Davao City, the capital of the autonomous region in 2015. The largest city in Mindanao, with the capacity of ​​2,444 square kilometers. The biggest, one of the biggest in the earth. It has 1,632,991 inhabitants in 2015, making it the fourth most populous country. The most populous city in the whole Visayas, Mindanao region. Davao modern city, the region’s main section of ​​industrial and urban development, the most populous island. Third most populous country, with 22,749,13 inhabitants this year.

Most residents of the city speak the Cebuano language. English used in schools, businesses, businesses, and industry. The well-known indigenous groups in the territory speak their own language. Chinese setlers are ubiquitous in the region and have a large population in Davao City. Chinatown Davao 1 of the 2 Chinese communities defined by the Philippines (Binondo is another). View a few Japanese people in the city, most of which based in Davao City. Earlier the Second World War, Davao inhabited by Japanese immigrants. Davao City promoted to the small Tokyo of the Philippines in its history.

Davao Region XI: Religion

Most of the population in the zone is Christian, Catholic; but, Muslims, Buddhists, and Shintoists in the field.

Davao Region XI: Economic

Although the region’s economy dominated by agriculture, now the center of agribusiness, trade, and tourism. Its competitive gain lies in the agricultural industry. Because its products, papaya, mango, bananas, pineapples, fresh asparagus, flowers, and fish products exported. The region can be an important portion of the Mindanao, Brunei Darussalam and parts of Indonesia, and Malaysia. More and more call centers in the region, in Davao City.

The year 1996, the industry’s growth rate was 8.1%, showing a gradual shift to industrialization. Other economic activities include mining, fisheries, forestry, and agriculture. The developing region as the main commercial and industrial centre of Mindanao. They orient many of its workers towards urban services, such as setting up small businesses and commercial industries. Prosperous urban areas such as Davao, Tagum, and Digos. Private and foreign investors and entrepreneurs have built huge commercial centers in the region which boosted their business growth rates.

The region involved in online businesses such as outsourcing.

Davao Region XI: Port and Airport

The main ports in the city are Sasa’s international harbour in Sta. Ana ,and Sasa Pier in the Chinatown district of Davao. The port of Panabo in Davao del Norte, and Mati Seaport in Davao East. They base the first two in Davao Port, Davao City, and can handle international and international shipments. Sasa’s international container port is in Davao Port and is the busiest port in Mindanao.

Davao International Airport, Davao International Airport, is the largest and most developed airport in Mindanao. It has the second longest runway on the island and is the third busiest runway in the country. Second only to Ninoy Aquino International Airport and Mike. Tan – Cebu International Airport. The only airport on the island serving international destinations. It can handle domestic and international flights. They offer several flights to Manila, Bacolod, Cebu, Iloilo, Zamboanga and other important cities in the Philippines. Domestic flights, and international flights to Singapore and Hong Kong. Hong Kong. Its ATC tower is the most advanced tower in the country.

Land, air, and sea can reach the territory. The zone has ample communication facilities, reliable electricity and ample water supply.

The month of December 2016, President Duterte helped sign contracts with Chinese investors. To set up a new port in the Cape Verde section of ​​Davao. Involved creating three artificial islands by the Chinese company group, including CCCC Dredging Group Co. Ltd, valued at $200 million.

Davao Region XI: Education

The government provides free education in primary schools (primary schools) and secondary schools (secondary schools). State universities in the region are the University of Mindanao in the Philippines and the Southeast University in the Philippines. The country’s literacy rate is 93.9%; Davao’s literacy rate is 98.05%.

Photo by Constantine Agustin

Mindanao Northern Mindanao Region X Regions

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Northern Mindanao Region X

Northern Mindanao Region X (Cebuano: Amihanang Mindanao, Tagalog: Hilagang Mindanao) is the administrative region of the Philippines, appointed as District X. It comprises 5 provinces: Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Oriental, and Misamis Occidental. Two cities classified as urbanized, of which occupy the central and northern parts of Mindanao and the Camiguin island province. The regional center was Cagayan de Oro. Lanao del Norte transferred from the XII district (then known as Mainland Island). To Northern Mindanao in September 2001 under Executive Order 36.


The current name for the place comes from its location on the island of Mindanao. For the failure of the Philippine revolutionaries. The word created by the Americans after set up the American colonial government in the Philippines. It has suggested changing the name of the northern Mindanao region. Dominated by the Cebuano ethnic group in the Mindanao region. Amihanan means the “northern region” of the Cebuano language, the lingua franca of the region. Another proposed name is Calaminon, which combine provincial names in the region.

Northern Mindanao Region X

The current name for the place comes from its location on the island of Mindanao. For the failure of the Philippine revolutionaries. The word created by the Americans after set up the American colonial government in the Philippines. It has suggested changing the name of the northern Mindanao region. Dominated by the Cebuano ethnic group in the Mindanao region. Amihanan means the “northern region” of the Cebuano language, the lingua franca of the region. Another proposed name is Calaminon, which combine provincial names in the region.


The total capacity of ​​Mindanao del Norte is 2,049,602 hectares (5,064,680 acres). More than 60% of the total space of ​​Northern Mindanao classified as forest land. Its ocean filled with fish and other seafood.

The Weather

The climate in Mindanao del Norte dispersed throughout the year. Its rich vegetation, natural spring water, and high altitude contribute to the fresh, gentle and inspiring climate of the city.


According to the 2015 census of the Philippine Bureau of Statistics. Mindanao del Norte is the eighth most populous region in the Philippines. The second largest region in Mindanao (after the Davao region). The most important urban zone in the X district is the Cagayan Metro Gold. These include Cagayan de Oro and cities and cities of Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon.

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

The vast majority of residents in the city come from immigrants in Cebu and Bohol. Other residents are Hiligaynon, Waray, Zamboangueño, Tausug, and Maranao, while local Bukidnon and Manobos live in the interior highlands.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Davao Region XI

The dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, which accounts for 72% of the population. While Protestants make up an important minority of the population of 14%. The largest non-Christian religion is Islam, which accounts for 8% of the population.

READ: The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX


The economy of northern Mindanao is the largest regional economy on Mindanao. [8] The economy of Northern Mindanao agriculture. But growth in these industries is growing, in Cagayan de Oro and Iligan. The famous Del Monte Philippines is in the province of Bukidnon and its processing plant, in Cagayan de Oro. Sent to the entire region of the Philippines and the Asia Pacific. Agus-IV to VII hydroelectric power station in Iligan and the Balo-i in Lanao del Norte. Give most of the electricity in Mindanao.

Administrative Division

The region comprises five provinces: Bukidnon, the island Province of Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, and Misamis Oriental. It has two urbanized cities, Cagayan de Oro and Iligan, which managed of any province. These provinces divided into seven constituent cities and 84 cities with 2,022 towns.

The Provincial Center is Cagayan de Oro.
Component Cities


  • Malaybalay
  • Valencia

Misamis Occidental

  • Oroquieta
  • Ozamiz
  • Tangub

Misamis Oriental

  • El Salvador
  • Gingoog


Photo by justDONQUE.images

Mindanao Regions Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX

The Philippines – Best Cities, Places In Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX

Chavacano: Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX, Cebuano: Lawis as Zamboanga is a managerial section of ​​the Philippines selected as District IX. The range includes 3 provinces (Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Norte, and Zamboanga del Sur). Two cities (Ciudad de Isabela and Ciudad de Zamboanga, the first being member of the Basilan province.

The second being a developed city). The district is known as West Mindanao before issuing Executive Order No. 36 on September 19, 2001. Zamboanga City designated as a provincial center till Pagadian City named as its current local center. Although Zamboanga City continues a cultural, commercial and educative center.


The city peninsula with the same name as Zamboanga on the island of Mindanao. Between Moro Bay (part of the Celebes Sea) and the Sulu Sea. Many bays and islands of different sizes along the shores of the peninsula. The peninsula connected to the rest of Mindanao by the isthmus between Panguil Bay and Pagadian Bay. Their territory comprises three provinces in Zamboanga and the urbanized independent city of Zamboanga. The border between the peninsula and the mainland marked by the border. Between the southern part of Zamboanga and the northern part of the north.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX – HISTORY

The Oldest Civilization 

In ancient times, the Zamboanga Peninsula remained a huge field with several ethnic organizations, the biggest of which was Asian. Later, the coastal areas of the southern part of the region affected by the Java Majapahit Empire. Although the Empire never conquered the territory.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX – Maguindanao Sultanate

In the fourteenth century, the Sultanate of Sulu ruled the southwestern part of the peninsula. In the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, Malaysian missionaries spread Islam in the southern Philippines. Kabungsuwan Sharif, born in Malay and Arab missionaries in Johor, established the Sultanate of Maguindanao Province. Which gave its name throughout Mindanao. The Sultanate occupies the entire island. Besides the regions of Caraga and Davao. The Davao City on the Zamboanga Peninsula extends the current region of the eastern region. While the Sultan of Sulu loses its territory in Zamboanga. 

READ: The Mindanao Philippines

The Sultan of Maguindanao provided fierce armed resistance against Spanish occupation for Mindanao, under the leadership of Muhammad Kudarat. Soon, they formed to unite the Sultan of Sulu. Muslim Aboriginal people in the neighborhood referred to as the Spanish Moros, meaning “Moorish”. Although Iberian Moore and Filipino Muslims aren’t under other small cultural connections in Islam. Spain – Most of the Moorish conflict, the war between the Spanish conquistadors. The indigenous Muslims in Mindanao took place on the Zamboanga Peninsula.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX Spanish Rule

In 1569, Zamboanga was chosen as the garrison of the Spanish settlement and La Caldera (now known as Barrio Recodo). Zamboanga is one of the main bastions of Mindanao. They support colonial activities in the southern part of the island and paving the way for Christian settlements. A military boundary that protects islands from foreign intruders and Moro bandits and their Chinese associates.

The Zamboanga Peninsula played a central role in the Spanish-Moorish conflict. This is the place where Spanish soldiers and the pirate invasion of Moro continue to struggle. Although Spanish settlers built churches in the territory. They suffered from the Moorish attackers and had to evacuate from the place many times. Although the Spaniards achieved tactical victories, they attacked the Sultanate of Sulu. But the fighting and continued attacks still existed, which gave the Moors a psychological victory.

Zamboanga Province

After the United States took over the Spanish East Indies in 1898. The peninsula established a short-lived independent state called the Republic of Zamboanga. The island government of Moro, which comprises the Midwest of the island of Mindanao and the Sulu Islands established it. On August 16, 1916, the name and state of Moro changed to Mindanao and Sulu, making Zamboanga an independent province.

In 1942, the Japanese Empire occupied the Zamboanga Peninsula, along with other Philippine islands in the early days of the Second World War. They liberated the peninsula in 1945 by a joint force of the United States and the Philippine Federation. Which engaged in against the Japanese Imperial Army.

On June 6, 1952, it divided the province into northern Zamboanga and southern Zamboanga. They allowed Zamboanga City became an independent provincial unit.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX

Together with the Sulu Islands, the provinces that formed Zamboanga Province reorganized in the ninth district. In the order of Presidential Decree No. 1. As part of the comprehensive restructuring plan for President Ferdinand Marcos signed on September 24, 1972.

From 1975 to 1989, the original ninth district (West Mindanao) divided into two divisions. According to Presidential Decree No. 8233 of August 21, 1975. Sub-region IX-A comprises Brasil, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi and Jolo. Sulu is the sub-regional centre. While the IX-B division comprises the provinces of Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay. It allowed Zamboanga City as the sub-regional centre.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IXToday

In 2001, the province of Zamboanga del Sur. Where Ipil is the seat of the government and has the law No. 8973 of the Republic found Zamboanga Sibugay.

In the same year, residents of Brasilia joined the referendum of the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao (ARMM). Citizens of the capital Isabella do not want to join. So Executive Order 36 will make the city a part of the region.

In 2004, Pagadian became the regional center of the ninth district of Zamboanga Peninsula. Despite opposing the former regional center Zamboanga City.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IXRegional Centre Problem

President Corazon Aquino issued the Executive Order (EO) in 1990 and he responsible restructure of the administrative region of ​​Mindanao. He claims that West Mindanao will include Zamboanga City, Lanao del Norte. The Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, Basilan and the cities that make up these provinces. He said that the city of Pagadian will become a new regional center.

But, President Fidel Ramos issued the EO 325 in 1996 to reorganize the Regional Development Board (RDC). The EO 325 Code of Practice and Implementation Regulations (IRR) announces that Pagadian is the regional center of West Mindanao.

In 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed the OE 36 and reorganized it. It renamed to the West Mindanao to the Zamboanga Peninsula. Stay silent on regional government centers. Circular No. 75, signed by Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita in 2004. They directed the transfer of the regional office from Zamboanga to Pagadian with EO 429 as its legal basis.

On December 22, 2010, the suspension notified in the Memorandum No. 11. Because they transferred the high economic and social costs experienced by employees in maintaining two homes to Pagadian. In addition, he directed that entire regional offices in Pagadian continue to work.

On March 3, 2011, the Regional Development Committee IX approved Zamboanga as the regional center of the Zamboanga Peninsula.

But, despite the support of the regional center back to Zamboanga. The Director of the National Economic and Development Agency, Arturo Valero. It considered if the City isn’t a local center the capital may survive to rise. The zone should better Concentrate on being an economic and technical center.

Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX Administrative Division

The Zamboanga Peninsula comprises 3 provinces, 1 independent city, leased and urbanized. One rented autonomous city, 3 constituent cities, 67 municipalities and 1,904 towns.

Isabela a constituent city and the former capital of Brasserie. Since 2017, the Brazilian government has moved to Lamitan. It still governed by Brasilia and used to manage provincial services and functions. For regional service management, part of the city’s Zamboanga Peninsula section. The rest of the island of Brasil is under the autonomous region of Mindanao under Muslim power.

Isabella an outpost to the south of Spanish in the Philippines. The earlier fall of the island of Jolo in 1878. Since 1637 Catholics received residents and Spanish forts since 1848 (destroyed in the Second World War). The main base of the Spaniards Navy. In Mindanao, until 1899, named Queen Elizabeth II. The southernmost Philippine Christian-based enclave of the city. Serves as an entry point for the trade and commerce of the island of Basilan.

Dapitan is known as the “Philippine Refuge” because it exiled the national hero Jose Rizal. [Need to cited] It is known as the ancient parish of St. James and the seaside resort of Dakak.

Dipolog, the capital of Zamboanga, Germany, known for its orchids. acknowledged as the “City of Southern Orchids” or “City of Orchids” for its rich Dipolog wild orchids. They have natural places and historic places such as Dipolog Cathedral. Dipolog Avenue, Cogon Park, Japanese Park, Magsaysay Park, Sungkilaw Falls, and Linabo Peak 3000 steps.

Pagadian is known as the “Little Hong Kong in the South” because its topographical features are reminiscent of Hong Kong. It has a wealthy Chinese communal that celebrates the Chinese Lunar New Year.

Zamboanga City is the only city in the region that is autonomous, authoritative and urbanized. The city is the only member of BIMP-EAGA on the Zamboanga Peninsula. Zamboanga City accounts for more than half of the region’s economy. It has the largest airport and seaport and the city with the most investors in the region.


Photo by mark navales